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Appraisal of the Karnali Employment Programme as a Regional Social Protection Scheme
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Public works programmes combine the objectives of providing social protection through short term paid employment and improvement or preservation of infrastructure and other assets. They are being adopted in different forms by many countries to reach the poorest and most vulnerable who are able to offer their labour while more inclusive and pro-poor longer term growth strategies are taking shape. Government of Nepal has identified acceleration of pro-poor and broad-based economic growthas of critical importance for the nation. However, the longer term inclusive growth strategy will take some time to generate higher growth and reduce inequality and poverty. Therefore, in the short term, there is an urgent need for social protection of the poorest and most vulnerable groups. The Karnali Employment Programme is a public works based social protection scheme in one of the poorest parts of Nepal attempting to address the regional dimension of poverty and vulnerability. Through the Employment Policy Department and the Employment Intensive Investment Programme, the ILO has been supporting governments in over 50 developing countries in increasing the levels of productive employment in infrastructure works and improving access to basic goods and services for the poor. In recent years, ILO’s work has also encompassed public works programmes responding to crises and offering social protection on a larger scale. This study is the outcome of a collaboration between the Ministry of Local Development which is responsible for the Karnali Employment Programme managed by the Karnali Regional Development Unit and the ILO. The study demonstrates the importance of combining institutional,financial and technical elements to ensure that social protection oriented programmes reach the intended beneficiaries and meet the twin objectives of social protection and asset creation.At the national level, it is hoped that the lessons from the study will contribute to enhancing the continuing work of the Karnali Employment Programme and the design of a comprehensive public protection scheme for Nepal. The Karnali Employment Programme (KEP) is a public works based social protection scheme established by the Government of Nepal (GoN) in 2006 in one of the poorest parts of Nepal. The aims of this study are to examine how the combination of institutional, financial and technical elements has in fl uenced the performance of KEP in meeting its objectives. Implementing a programme of this scale and complexity over a short timescale in a region with severe access and communication problems has been a major challenge. The aim of the study is to draw lessons for future policies and implementation rather than be critical of current practice. Programmes such as KEP are required to balance the objectives of: (a) social protection through provision of short-term employment; (b) creation or preservation of social and economic assets which contribute further bene fi ts, and (c) cost-effective operation. Such schemes also have the potential of creating other benefits such as strengthening local communities and institutions through involvement in local participatory planning and local capacity building.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2010 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
KARNALI EMPLOYMENT, MICRO-HYDRO POWER SCHEME, RURAL ROAD CONSTRUCTION, HUMLA DISTRICT, TECHINCAL APPRAISAL, COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS, SOCIAL PROTECTION, ECONOMIC ASSETS, LOCAL CAPACITY BUILDING, TECHNICAL CAPACITY, PROJECT PLANNING, PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION, EMPLOYMENT, HOUSEHOLDS, ECONOMIC GROWTH, NATIONAL POLICY, ACCOUNTABILITY, INFRASTRUCTURE, LABOUR INTENSIVE METHODS, AUTONOMY, KARNALI EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMME(KEP), DALIT COMMUNITY, KEP MANAGEMENT, ADMINISTRATIVE SKILLS
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
14.05.04  -  Welfare And Social Services
Reference Link:
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