United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Social Security/ Social Protection In Nepal: Situation Analysis
PDF File Size: 779 KB | Download   
The MDG report(UNDP,2011) says that Nepal can reach most of the targets if the government is able to manage resources and build institutional and policy capacity for implementation of strategic interventions. Nepal, however, faces considerable challenges in reaching the target of achieving full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. Nepal’s trade and industry is in crisis and agricultural productivity low. Lack of access to affordable credit and weak law and order situation have weakened Nepal’s economy. As a result, a large number of Nepali people are still trapped in poverty and social protection benefits and services remain a privilege. Providing social security to workers is also a challenge because more than 90 percent of the total labour force operates outside the formal economy. In welfare economies, social security and protection systems covering universal family benefits, social assistance, and social insurance have been critical in alleviating poverty and enhancing people’s living standards. The approaches to social security and protection have transformed since the 1980s, giving more thrust to the universal and progressive dimensions that consider the vertical and horizontal ingredients. In Nepal, social protection plays the role of a catalyst in consolidating durable peace.The International Labour Conference (ILO, 2011b)has outlined several strategies to extend social security by closing coverage gaps and pointed out that effective national strategies be formed in line with national priorities, administrative feasibility and affordability. The primary goal is to ensure that no one lives below a certain level of income and everyone has access to basic social services. Reducing poverty, containing inequality and sustaining economic growth is not effective without strengthening labour and social institutions and promoting proemployment macroeconomic environments (Bachelet,2011). Nepal has already incorporated certain elements of the floor in social relief programs, although in a fragmented manner. A key challenge is to organize these programs as part of a coherent social protection strategy. Social security in Nepal has received a boost since the 2006 political change, which sought to end exclusion of marginalized groups from access to government services and provide social protection to the poor and the vulnerable. Many cash transfer programmes for the older people, women, and children have been introduced, and these have significantly helped close the poverty gap. Taking into account the near and long term perspectives, a comprehensive social security and protection policy should be formulated through consensus among the major stakeholders. This should lay out the best possible means of accomplishing the objectives and finding alternative ways to fill the resource gaps. Distinction should be made
between individual components of social security and social protection. The models of proposed schemes should be clear; the state’s responsibilities and contributory frameworks should be clearly spelt out. Without such policy-led clarity, various proposed laws may face challenges and accomplishment of the intended objectives would become difficult. The implementation time frame of 10 years stipulated in the social security act is very long and the reasons are not explained. Similarly, the critically important Unemployment Facility Related Act needs to be expedited.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SOCIAL SECURITY, CHILD BENEFITS, RETIRED ARMY APPOINTMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS, MATERNITY LEAVE, UNIVERSAL OLD AGE PENSION, ALLOWANCES, CITIZEN INVESTMENT TRUST, SICK LEAVE, LOCAL SELF GOVERNANCE ACT, SECURITY, PROTECTION, HEALTH INSURANCE, SOCIAL INCLUSION, CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION, DISABILITY PERSON, PROTECTION OF SENIOR CITIZEN, INFORMAL WORKERS, AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE, FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, SUSTAINABILITY, SOCIAL INSURANCE
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
14.05.04  -  Welfare And Social Services
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
2968  times viewed
60  times downloaded.
Feeder: DEEPIKA DHAKAL , Editor: YASHO RAI , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal
Universal Social Protection Universal Old-Age and Disability Pensions, and Other Universal Allowance in Nepal
नेपालको सामाजिक सुरक्षा क्षेत्रबारे विश्लेषणात्मक जानकारी पत्र
Digitizing Social Security Allowances in Nepal
The Gender Dimensions of Pension Systems: Policies and Constraints for the Protection of Older Women
World Social Protection Report 2014/15: Building Economic Recovery, Inclusive Development And Social Justice
Social Security/ Social Protection In Nepal Situation Analysis ( January 2012)
Maternity And Paternity At Work: Law And Practice Across The World
Development Advocate Nepal
Affordable and not an Illusion - Costing of Basic Social Protection Benefits for Nepal - 2007-2034
Social Protection for People in the Informal Economy of Nepal
Strategies and Options for Scaling Up and Enhancing the Child Grant Nationally in Nepal
Extending Maternity Protection to Women in the Informal Economy - The case of Nepal
Economic Security of Women Migrant Workers; A Pilot Reintegration Programme: Making Remittance Work for Women
Compassionate Care: Proceedings of Workshops
Expanding Health-Care Access in the United States
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series: STRATEGIES AND OPTIONS FOR SCALING UP AND ENHANCING THE CHILD GRANT NATIONALLY IN NEPAL
An Expansion Strategy for Nepal’s Child Grant (November 2016)
Scaling Up Results In Land Tenure Security
POLICY BRIEF ACHIEVING THE BEST OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN
GENDER EQUALITY UPDATE NO. 12 Nepal Flood Response 2017 UPDATE No. 12
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES OF NEPAL: Trends and Policy Implications Government of Nepal National Planning Commission KATHMANDU, NEPAL MARCH 2017
MARCH 2017 Policy Brief DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES OF NEPAL: Trends and Policy Implications
A Baseline Study on Reported Cases of Elder Abuse in Nepali Press
The ILO in Nepal
The potential of Nepal’s social security allowance schemes to support emergency flood response
Social Protection: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Labour Migrant Returning from Qatar
The ILO In Nepal
Costs and benefits of eliminating child labour in Nepal
UNICEF Annual Report 2012 for Nepal, ROSA
Appraisal of the Karnali Employment Programme as a Regional Social Protection Scheme
Assessment of the Emergency Top-up Cash Transfer Programme for Vulnerable Groups in Nepal
Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Programme to Address Equity, Social Determinants,Gender and Human Rights in Nepal- Report of the Pilot Project
Economic analysis of animal Diseases
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES OF NEPAL:Trends and Policy Implications
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
The European Social Model In Crisis: Is Europe Losing Its Soul?
Testing Branchless Banking To Deliver Cash Transfers in Nepal
35th Anniversary ILO-Nepal Partnership
Promoting Gender Equality in the Humanitarian Response
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
Falling Through the Net? Gender and Social Protection in the Pacific
Costing the Child Grant Expansion in Nepal
Information Economy Report 2006: The Development Perspective
A 15-point declaration made by the third labor conference held in Kathmandu from 19-21 July 2012
Nepal Earthquake | Magnitude 7.8 (April 2015)- Version 0, 26 April 2015
UNDAF District Profiles: Education
UNICEF and Decentralization in Nepal
Tenth Anniversary Of International Year Of Volunteers (IYV+10): Preparation, Implementation And Achievements Of The Celebrations in Nepal
GENDER EQUALITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSION FOR FOOD-AND NUTRITION- SECURITY IN NEPAL RESEARCH REPORT
Evaluation of the Nepal Emergency Cash Transfer Programme through Social Assistance
2014 Annual Results Report: Social Inclusion
The Road to Recovery: Cash Transfers as an Emergency Response to Nepal’s Earthquake of 2015 and a Catalyst for Consolidating Nepal’s Social Protection Floor
World Employment Programme Research (Working Paper) Nepal Special Public Works Programmes: Modelling The Impact Of Irrigation Projects: An Experimental MIcro-Macro Approach To The Bhorletar
Self-Medication and its Impact on Essential Drugs Schemes in Nepal : A Socio-Cultural Research Project
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series - Assessment of Nepal's Fiscal Envelope
Financing for Gender Equality in the Context of the Sustainable Development Goals
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
DID THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE TO NEPAL EARTHQUAKE ENSURE NO ONE WAS LEFT BEHIND? - A case study on the experience of marginalised groups in humanitarian action.
Development of Manufacturing Industries in Nepal
Agricultural Policy And Strategies For Poverty Alleviation And Food Security-NEPAL
Psychosocial Support for Sustainable Peace
Press Release - Representative of the Secretary-General in Nepal welcomes Appointment of Secretariat Coordinator (1 December 2010)
Unofficial Translation-Press Release Issued By The Government Of Nepal, Ministry Of Home Affairs, 22 September 2008 The Mid And Far West Floods And Landslides
Workers’ Guide to Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation (No. 205)
Social Dialogue, Skills and COVID-19
Climate change risk and vulnerability assessment of ago ecological zones in Nepal
Inspiration Through Volunteerism UNV Nepal
Mapping Progress in Women's Right in Nepal
ILO Asia-Pacific Working Paper Series: Case studies of policy coherence initiatives in developing Asia (August 2012)
State of stateless citizens: A case study on citizenship and landlessness issues of the Santhal community Issue 5
2014 Annual Results Report: Child Protection
Migrant Domestic Workers In Action: A Global Action Programme On Migrant Domestic Workers And Their Families
16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence Campaign: Bullying at school [Youtube]
The Road to Recovery - Cash transfers as an emergency response and a catalyst to enhance the social protection system in Nepal
Country Programme Action Plan 2018-2022
Post-2015 And SDGs: Nourishing People, Nurturing The Planet (May 2015)
Women Economic Empowerment Requires Bold Action
General Assembly - A/HRC/12/34/Add.3 - Promotion and Protection of all Human Rights, Civil Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to development - REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN NEPAL. (20th July, 2009)
Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women in Nepal
Human Development Report 2014, Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience
Statement of the Speech on the Occasion of World Population Day 2005 Ms. Junko Sazaki, Representative, UNFPA Nepal
Community access to natural resources: A case study on forest resource access and control in Morang District - Issue 18
Nepal Earthquake 2015 A Socio-demographic Impact study ( With reference to 14 most affected districts)
The Training For Rural Gainful Activities (TRUGA) Project: An Evaluation Of Women's Participation And Benefits (11th June)
Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential
Fact sheet on Women province 1
Fact sheet on Women province 2
Fact sheet on Women province 3
Fact sheet on Women province 4
Fact sheet on Women province 5
Fact sheet on Women province 6
Fact sheet on Women province 7
Nepal: Labour Migration Should be a Choice
Gender Equality, Human Rights and Social Inclusion: A Common Framework for Action by the UN System in Nepal
Psychosocial Support A Critical Need After An Emergency
UNDP’s Recovery Response: Supporting Nepal in Building Back Better
Technical Assistance to the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction to Ensure Effective Access of Conflict Affected Persons to Victims Assistance Processes in Nepal
Early and Forced Child Marriage
100 result(s) found.