United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Promoting and Protecting the Human Rights of Women and Girls
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The human rights of women and the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights. The full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic, social and cultural life, at the national, regional and international levels, and the eradication of all forms of discrimination on the grounds of sex are priority objectives of the international community.This Manual is based on an understanding, affirmed through experience, that national human rights institutions (NHRIs) have a critical role to play to ensure that the rights of women and girls are respected and protected. NHRIs can do this by integrating gender and the human rights of women and girls into their working methods, programmes and procedures. They can also seek to prioritize and highlight specific issues of concern to women.The Manual aims to provide NHRIs, especially those established and operating in compliance with the Paris Principles,3 with a solid framework within which they can strengthen their capacity to contribute effectively to women’s and girls’ human rights in a range of areas. It includes examples and insights drawn from NHRIs, primarily from APF member institutions. Promoting and protecting the rights of women and girls can, in different countries, also fall under the responsibility of a specialized institution that works in parallel with the NHRI. Some Asia Pacific countries that have NHRIs also have specialized institutions that focus on issues related to women and girls, such as India (National Commission for Women), Indonesia (National Commission on Violence Against Women), Malaysia (National Advisory Council for the Integration of Women in Development) and Nepal (National Women Commission).The information in this Manual may be valuable to these specialized institutions and the APF encourages them to use it. However, the Manual has been developed specifically for those NHRIs with a broad human rights mandate that are seeking to ensure that their work in the area of women’s and girls’ human rights is more systematic and effective. The Manual takes the position that the existence of a specialized institution dealing with women’s and girls’ issues does not permit the NHRI to avoid its mandated responsibilities to promote and protect the human rights of all persons. In fact, the existence of such an institution can increase the risk that issues related to the human rights of women and girls could become marginalized.As discussed in Chapter 1, NHRIs have a responsibility to promote a vision of human rights as universal and indivisible. They also have a responsibility to promote two key tenets of international human rights law that are fundamental to the rights of women and girls: non-discrimination and equality. The Manual seeks to support NHRIs in their engagement with specialized institutions, where they exist, to ensure that their work to promote and protect the rights of women and girls is complementary and mutually supportive.
AFP, UNDP ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
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