United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Foreign Labor Migration and Trafficking in Persons in Nepal: A Situational Analysis
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National Human Rights Commission(NHRC) was established on the year 2000 with the objective of promotion and protection of human rights in Nepal. The NHRC has been elevated to a Constitutional body by the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007. The NHRC had to dedicate its time and efforts to respond the situation of armed conflict with special focus of human rights violations and abuses under the civil and political rights. NHRC has been working on the issues related to the economic, social and cultural rights only after the success of April Movement 2006 followed by Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) 2006 which brought formal end of more than a decade long internal armed conflict of Nepal. Foreign employment has become one of the central pillars of the Nepali economy constituting 20 percent remittance of the country’s GDP. Even at the household level, labour migration has become one of the main
livelihood means at the household level which has been a major contributing
factor to the poverty reduction. It is estimated that approximately 2.2
million Nepalis are working as migrant workers in various countries. It is
estimated that 10 per cent of labour migrants is female. Among the migrants, nearly 90 percent is working in Qatar, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait. However, a great deal of migration taking place for the purpose of unskilled jobs has been a hindrance in taking benefit unlike other migrant driven countries with skilled workers. Though some governments have taken some positive initiatives taken by government towards safe migration through legislation and regulation related steps in the field of the labour migration, the large number of Nepali migrant workers have been the victims of exploitation, human rights violations and abuses by the receiving government, recruitment agencies and private agencies. The NHRC has prioritized the rights of the migrant workers as one of the key human rights issues among the Nine Core Conventions of human rights. Present publication has attempted to elaborate the role of the Commission, relevant competency and recommendations of the Commission. It is expected that that this publication will be helpful in the advocacy for the protection and promotion of human rights through
national and international cooperation among key stakeholders including
government agencies, National Human Rights Institutions(NHRIs)and civil society organizations.
Publisher:
GoN, NHRC/UNDP ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
CIVIL SOCIETY, FOREIGN EMPLOYMENT, EMIGRANTS, MEDICAL FACILITIES, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES, FOOD, SHELTER, EDUCATION, ILLETRACY, NATIONAL VIGILANCE CENTER, GULF COUNTRIES, CRIMINAL ACT, DEBT BONDAGE, RECRUITMENT, MOBILITY, EXPLOITATION, ABSENTEE POPULATION, PROTECTION AND PROMOTION, NON-CITIZENS, ABUSE, TORTURE, MIGRANT SMUGGLING, INVOLUNTARY REPATRIATION, MIGRANT WORKERS' FAMILIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, ADVOCACY, GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, NEPALI MIGRANT WORKERS
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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