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Violence Against Women: a Study on Underlying Causes And Survivor’s Challenges to Justice in Udaypur District - Issue 53
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Every year millions of women and girls worldwide suffer from violence or other forms of abuse. This violence is not confined to a specific culture, region or country, or to particular groups of women within a society, including in Nepal.The 2011 Demographic and Health Survey shows that one in three women aged 15-49 have experienced physical violence since age 15 and nine percent of these women have experienced physical violence within the past 12 months. In December 2012, an incident involving a female migrant worker returning home marked the starting point of the Occupy Baluwatar campaign: a homegrown social movement in response to the way authorities handled this case, in particular, and the continuance of violence against women in Nepal, in general. The incident, one among many that month, occurred during Nepal’s commemoration of the global event of ‘16 days of activism against gender based violence’. At the same time an incident in India involving a violent attack on two students (one of whom was a young woman who did not survive her injuries) became a high-profile case internationally and was closely followed in Nepal as well. Ever since, Nepal’s national media has been drawing increased attention toward incidences of violence against women across the country. On February 14, coinciding with the fiftieth day of the Occupy Baluwatar movement, a large number of Nepali people joined nearly 200 countries worldwide to rise up and speak out against violence against women during the event of ‘One Billion Rising’. Since the end of the conflict the Government of Nepal has made several commitments to address violence against women. In the 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement both parties agreed on “the need to specially protect the rights of women and children and the need to stop all forms of sexual exploitation and other forms of misbehavior on women and child labor and other violent acts against children”.The 2007 Interim Constitution states that “no physical, mental or other form of violence shall be inflicted on any woman, and such an act shall be punishable by law”. Nonetheless, a recent government study on gender-based violence (of which violence against women is a sub-category) revealed that almost two-thirds of women interviewed were unaware of any existing legislation related to violence against women and only a one in four women was aware of any government services available for survivors of violence or abuse.This Field Bulletin attempts to explore the prevalence of violence against women in Nepal from the perspective of Udaypur district in the Eastern Development Region. The findings are based on interactions with (women’s) human rights defenders, government and security officials, civil society organizations and the public during January and February 2013. It highlights some of the main underlying causes perpetuating violence against women in the district and looks at some of the national and district policies and responsive mechanisms in place to prevent or address these. Furthermore, the Field Bulletin examines the challenges survivors face in accessing justice in the district and concludes with some suggestions for mitigating these from local level actors.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
BATTERED WOMEN, FORCED PROSTITUTION, HUMAN RIGHT, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT, HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATION, MALE-DOMINATED SOCIETY, INTERVENTION CAMPAIGN, DISTRICT LEVEL POLICIES, RESPONSE MECHANISM, SOCIAL COHESION, CHILD MARRIAGE, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, RAPE, RAPE VICTIMS, SEX CRIMES, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, WOMEN IN ARMED CONFLICTS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, JUSTICE, SOCIAL JUSTICES, SEXUAL ABUSE, FEMALE MIGRANT WORKER
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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