United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
National HIV/AIDS STRATEGY, 2011-2016
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HIV in Nepal is characterized as concentrated epidemic. More than 80 percent HIV infections spread through heterosexual transmission. People who inject drugs, female sex workers (FSWs) and men having sex with other men (MSM) are the key populations at higher risk spreading the epidemic. Male labor migrants (particularly to HIV prevalence areas in India, where labor migrants often visit female sex workers) and clients of female sex workers in Nepal are acting as bridging populations that transmit infections from higher risk groups to lower risk general population. As the epidemic is maturing (after the first HIV case reported in 1988), increased number of infections are being recorded among low risk general men and women. However, the epidemic has never maintained through heterosexual transmission in the general population in Nepal, rather driven by the infections among higher risk populations and their sexual partners. It is estimated that about 55,626 people are living with HIV in Nepal in2010. Majority of infections are occurred among adult (15-49) male (58%) women of reproductive age group (28%) populations, while 8% of infections are occurred among children under 15 years of age. The key populations at higher risk (IDUs, FSWs, MSM, male labour migrants and clients of FSWs) shared 58% of all adult
HIV infections. Highest number of infections is estimated is in the age group of 25-49 years who are economically productive and sexually active. The younger stratum of population below the age of 15 has lowest number of infections and most are due to mother to child transmission.
Publisher:
NCASC, UNAIDS ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS, HIV TREATMENT CARE, BLOOD SAFETY, HIV INFECTIONS, LABOUR MIGRANTS, SEX WORKERS, THIRD GENDER, HIV PREVENTION, HIV TREATMENT, PREVENTION, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY
Thematic Group:
 UNAIDS : HIV/AIDS
Thesaurus:
10.03.02  -  Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
Reference Link:
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