United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Federalism discourse in three districts in the Eastern Tarai Issue 42
PDF File Size: 346 KB | Download   
When  the  draft  Interim  Constitution  of  Nepal  became  public  in  December  2006  it prompted  protests  from  many  quarters,  most notably Madeshis and Janajatis. The document was prepared by the Seven Party Alliance (SPA)and the Maoists, without broad consultations with other actors, in particular the Madhesi and other ethnic groups. Madhesi civil society groups, like the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF), the Nepal Sadbhawana Party (NSP) as well as Madhesi parliamentarians across party lines demanded explicit commitment to federalism, an electoral system which would have had a greater percentage of seats allocated on the basis of proportional representation and redrawn  electoral  boundaries.  This would,  in  their  view,  have  been  a more  equitable  system.Despite  the  objections,  the  Interim  Constitution  was  passed  by  the  legislature‐parliament  on January  15,  2007.  Immediately,  the  MJF  and  the  NSP  organised  protests  demanding  the amendment of  the  Interim Constitution and  the establishment of  the entire Tarai as one  single province. The protests quickly spread across the Tarai and turned violent in many places.In  response  to  the protests,  then Prime Minister  G P  Koirala  appeared on TV and addressed  the  nation  twice,  on January  31st and on February 7th, 2007. He guaranteed federalism, a redrawing of electoral boundaries again based on population, and the representation of Madhesis and  other minority groups in elected bodies and other state organs. Protests and violence persisted and only died down after the legislature‐parliament  passed  the  1st  amendment to the Interim Constitution  on 12  April 2007.  The  amendment calls  for  the State  to be ”democratic and  federal”, but  there 
was no clear commitment to ‘One Madesh’. After recurrent  protests  from  January 2007 to February 2008, numerous agreements were signed between the Government of Nepal and Madhesi and other agitating ethnic groups, which  assured a mixed system of elections and assured a  federal  republic  through  constitutional amendments. On  the one hand,  these agreements helped  create  the political  climate necessary  for elections, which,  in  the  face  of  such  concerted Madeshi  protests, might  otherwise  have  been  postponed indefinitely. 
UNRCHCO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
1184  times viewed
12  times downloaded.
Feeder: DEEPIKA DHAKAL , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Perspectives on Chhetri identity and how these relate to federalism - Issue 46
Federalism Dialogues series 4 - Proposed Sunkoshi Province - 29-30 April, 2010
Federalism dialogues12 - Proposed Newa province - 17-19 August, 2010
Information Package on Constitutional Issues (Series One - Technical Paper)
Federalism dialogues 13 - Proposed Jadan province - 12-14 November, 2010
Autonomous Regions Under Federalism: The Indian Experience
Federalism Dialogues Series 5 - Tamuwan Province - 11-13 August, 2010
Special Rapporteur On Indigenous People Visiting Nepal
An Overview of the Eastern Region of Nepal
Federalism Dialouges Series 9 - proposed Karnali province - 13-15 July, 2010
People’s Perspectives and Understanding of Federalism: Positions of Stakeholders Regarding the Proposed Limbuwan Province Issue No. 23
The Federalism Debate in Nepal - Post Peace Agreement Constitution Making in Nepal Volume II
Inputs From Nepal To The OHCHR Study Pursuant To The Human Rights Council Resolution 27/24 On Equal Participation In Political And Public Affairs
A Resource Material on Education and Federalism in Nepal 2014
Conversations about the Constitution: Views from the Far West - Issue No. 27
Workforce Diversity in NGOs: Gender Equality and Social Inclusion status of NGOs in an Eastern Hill district. Issue
“Nepal: Constitution Building, Federalism And Peace ‐Managing The Transition To Federalism And Implementation Of The New Constitution”
Discovering Peace Through Livelihood
Federalism Dialouges series 14 - Proposed Sherpa province - 23-25 December, 2010
Bill on Amendments to the Interim Constitution, 2007 (B.S. 2063)
Developing Culturally Contextualised Mathematics Resource Materials: Capturing Local Practices of Tamang and Gopali Communities
Federalism dialogues1 - proposed limbuwan province - 26-28 March, 2010
Muslim Communities in Rautahat and Bara Districts - Issue 31
Monthly Report - September 2014 UN Resident Coordinator’s Office, Nepal
Change in Nepalese Civil Service After the Adoption of Inclusive Policy and Reform Measures
Opening Remarks by Richard Bennett, Representative of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal, at a Workshop on Ensuring Better Protection of Economic, Social, Cultural and Women's Rights in the New Constitution,
Education and Federalism National Symposium Held Today in Kathmandu
Agreement Between the Government and Janajatis
Indigenous Media, Empowering Indigenous Voices- Kathmandu Office
Monthly Update – March 2012 UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office Nepal
Monthly Report - July 2014 UN Resident Coordinator’s Office, Nepal
Women's Political Participation at the Sub-national Level in Nepal
A Resource Material on Education and Federalism in Nepal
Federalism Dialogues Series 3 - Mithila-Bhojpura - Koch - Madhesh Provnce - 24-26 April, 2010
Confrontation over federalism: emerging dynamics of identity-based conflict and violence - Issue 41
Fifth Amendment to the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2006 (BS 2063)
An Overview of the Mid Western Region of Nepal
Participatory Constitution Making in Nepal: Issues of Process and Substance - Post Peace Agreement Constitution Making in Nepal Volume I
Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the New Constitution of Nepal
Constitution Making Process in Nepal
Federalism dialogues Series 7 -Proposed Magarat province - 24- 26 June, 2010
Social Inclusion and Protection of the Rights of Minorities, Indigenous People and Excluded Communities in the New Constitution
Population Monograph In Nepal (Vol. III: Economic Demography)
Resident Coordinator’s Annual Report 2012 - Brief Description of Major Developments
Agreement Between the Government Talks Team comprising the Seven Parties and the Federal Republic National Front, Nepal
UNESCO Office in Kathmandu - Issue 2 Volume 1
Written Statement Submitted by the Pax Romana (International Catholic Movement for Intellectual and Cultural Affairs and International Movement of Catholic Students), a Non-Governmental Organization in Special Consultative Status
Federalism dialogues series8 - Proposed Lumbini - Awadh - tharuwan province - 28-30 June, 2010
संघियता संवाद श्रृंखला १ प्रस्तावित १३-१५ चैत २०६६ लिम्बुवान प्रदेश
Minority Rights Under the New Constitution - Participatory Constitution Building in Nepal Booklet Series No. 7 English
The Badi Community of Nepal - Issue 50
Time to Intensify Efforts for HIV/AIDS Services
Summary of Human Rights Concerns Arising from the Terai Protests of 13 – 29 February 2008 OHCHR-Nepal
A Common Framework for Gender Equality & Social Inclusion
Economic Empowerment of Indigenous Women in Nepal
Nepal Special: Reports of Recent Security Incidents- 10 to 21 February, 2008
Informal Summary Report-United Nations Regional Best and Promising Practices Seminar on Armed Violence Reduction and Prevention for South and Southeast Asia
Monthly Update – April 2012 UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office Nepal
United Nations Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Office for Project Services
Roundtable with the Muslims Community , Nepalgunj (5 August 2013)
Investigation by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal into the Violent Incidents in Kapilvastu, Rupandehi and Dang Districts of 16-21 September
General Assembly - A/HRC/12/34/Add.3 - Promotion and Protection of all Human Rights, Civil Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to development - REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN NEPAL. (20th July, 2009)
Federalism dialogues11-Proposed Tamsaling province - 11-13 August, 2010
Federalism dialoguesSeries 6 - Proposed Narayeni Province - 18-20 May, 2010
Report of the Secretary-General on the Request of Nepal for United Nations Assistance in Support of its Peace Process (10 July 2008)
Promoting Women’s Political Leadership and Governance in India and South Asia
Population Monograph Of Nepal (Vol. II: Social Demography)
Violence Against Women: a Study on Underlying Causes And Survivor’s Challenges to Justice in Udaypur District - Issue 53
Population Monograph of Nepal-Volume II
Project to Prepare the Public Administration for State Reforms (PREPARE)
Interaction on Issues of Youth in the New Constitution
Nepal Education For All National Review Report: Final Report ( 2001 -2015 )
Migration patterns in the Central Tarai: Has an equilibrium been disrupted? - Issue 44
Speech by Lena Sundh Representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal On the Occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Dhangadi, 21 March 2007
Armed Violence Reduction and Strengthening Community Security (AVRSCS)
OHCHR Indigenous and Minorities team visits Nepal
Functional Analysis And Assignment Of Government
Manual on Gender Equality and Social Inclusion and Gender Responsive Budgeting
राष्ट्रिय दलित नेटवर्क द्वारा आयोजित दलित संसद मा महासचिवका विशेष प्रतिनिधि इयान मार्टिन को सम्बोधन
Rights of Indigenous Peoples - Nepal Participatory Constitution Building Booklet Series No. 6 Centre
Promotion of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the Constitution Making and State Reform Process in Nepal
Monthly Report - August 2014 UN Resident Coordinator’s Office, Nepal
Protection Thematic Report ( 30.07.2015 )
Monthly Update ( February 2013 ) UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office Nepal
OCHA Nepal Situation Overview, Issue No. 43/March 2009
UNDP’s Recovery Response: Supporting Nepal in Building Back Better
A Resource Material on Education and Federalism in Nepal 2014
Press Conference by Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Nepal
The Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063 (2007) - As Amended by the First to Sixth Amendments
Constituent Assembly Committees - Summaries of Terms of Reference (TOR) and Contact Information of the CA Committees
Evolving Relations Between Members of The Dalit, Magar And so- Called ‘Upper Caste’ Communities in Palpa District - Issue 57
State of stateless citizens: A case study on citizenship and landlessness issues of the Santhal community Issue 5
Disability in Nepal: Taking Stock and Forging a Way Forward
Speech by Sandra Beidas Acting Representative, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal National Conference on Indigenous Women of Nepal, International Day of the World’s Indigenous People 9 August 2007
Speech by Sandra Beidas Acting Representative, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal National Conference on Indigenous Women of Nepal, International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
The UN Constitutional: A Newsletter on United Nations Constitutional Support
Nepal: Reports of Security Incidents (1-31 May, 2010)
Final Report on the Mid – Term Evaluation of Livelihood Recovery for Peace (LRP/UNDP) Project
International Day for The Elimination of Racial Discrimination-March 21-Fighting Everyday Racism Accelerates Progress
‘Local Capacities For peace’ During May 2012 Issue 55
100 result(s) found.