United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Crop And Food Security Update-Summer Crop Nepal 2009/2010
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Late start of the monsoon season and irregular distribution of rain caused a reduction in the 2009/2010 summer crop production across the country. Paddy production was down to 4.02 million MT and maize was 1.86 million MT. reduction of 11 percent and 4 percent respectively compared to last year’s yield (2008/2009)anticipated that the country will face a severe food deficit during the FY 2009/2010 despite the positive outlook of the ongoing winter crop season. In August 2009, the MoAC estimated edible cereal deficit of 400,000 MT for the FY 2009/2010 against the total requirement of 5.4 million MT. This deficit represented the cereal requirement of seven percent of the population. The deficit figure will be revised after the winter harvest. The global food market situation is currently not favorable for Nepal. Natural disasters caused substantial regional summer crop losses in countries such as India and the Philippines, which resulted in a recent increase in the international price of rice. Domestic food prices are stable at a higher-level but they are anticipated to increase further during 2010. In January 2010, the year-on-year food price inflation was 17.8%. The Mid- and the Far-Western Hill and Mountain districts were severely affected by the poor summer crop production. In those districts, some VDCs experienced a summer crop loss of up to 50-70%, resulting in food insecurity among vulnerable population. Those districts are traditionally food deficit and farmers are typically subsistence farmers with very limited alternative livelihood options due to its remoteness.Household food security shows an alarming situation among the population affected by the poor harvest: more than half of the affected households consume an inadequate diet; they are more likely to adopt severe and irreversible coping strategies including sale of household/agricultural assets; their food stocks are as low as one month on average; and their expenditure on food has increased due to higher dependency on markets.
Publisher:
GON, WFP ,   (2010 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
CROP PRODUCTION, FOOD MARKET, RAINFALL SITUATION, FOOD BALANCE, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD CRISIS, AGRICULTURAL SITUATION, CROP HARVEST, MONSOON RAIN, CROP LOSS, FOOD CONSUMPTION, HOUSEHOLD FOOD STOCK, FOOD CORPORATION, FOOD PLANNING, FOOD POLICY, FOOD PREPARATION, FOOD PRESERVATION, FOOD PRICES, FOOD PROCESSING, FOOD PRODUCTION, FOOD RESEARCH, FORAGE CROPS, SOCIO-ECONOMIC, GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS, CULTIVATION SYSTEMS, PRODUCTION, COOPERATIVE MOVEMENTS, MINIATURE PRODUCE
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
04.02.01  -  Crop Management
Reference Link:
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