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Confrontation over federalism: emerging dynamics of identity-based conflict and violence - Issue 41
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The process to negotiate a new federal structure for Nepal through the ongoing constitution writing process remains highly contested at many levels and is resulting in a great deal of protest and disruption on the
streets of Nepal. While disputes and protests are to be expected at this critical point in Nepal’s history, this Field Bulletin focuses on concerns that political conflicts over the nature and terms of federalism have the potential to transform into more enduring and localized identity-based conflicts. In many locations across Nepal, contending groups with opposing federal agendas have intensified their protest activities aimed at the Kathmandu-based constitution negotiation process. However, since the end of April, the underlying identity-based dynamics of these opposing groups has become more overt and, on the ground, so has the perception that these groups are not only in dispute ‘with the centre’ but with each other. In some locations,such as in Kanchanpur and Kailali districts of the Far West Region, this has resulted in direct clashes and violence between the political activists from opposed identity-based groups (as well as violence between these groups and the police). While only relatively limited ‘political’ violence between organized groups and activists has occurred,
local actors in these districts have expressed concerns that the situation is at a tipping point and any escalation
could trigger communal violence. This Field Bulletin highlights where similar dynamics and potential for localized identity-based conflicts and violence
exist and recommends practical measures to de-escalate such situations and prevent violence.
UNRCHCO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
14.05.03  -  Social Development
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