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Independence of the NGO sector? A case study from selected Eastern districts Issue 32
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The Government of Nepal established the Social Services National Coordination Council (SSNCC) in 1977 to foster the establishment of NGOs and to coordinate their activities. The SSNCC de facto controlled the
development money which entered the country and was headed by the then queen.At the time when democracy was restored in 1990 and the SSNCC was dissolved, only 222 NGOs were registered in Nepal. In 1992 the new government set up the Social Welfare Council (SWC) to be responsible for registering NGOs
who wanted to access government funds or work directly with donors. Nepal consequently witnessed a phenomenal rise in the number of registered NGOs with the SWC database consisting of over 30,000 NGOs by July 20104. As the government also authorized the Chief District Officers (CDOs) to register NGOs at a local level (and to renew their registration annually upon submission of their progress report and financial audit reports) rough estimates suggest that there may be more than 50,000 NGOs registered in the
country. Notwithstanding the great contribution NGOs have and continue to make to development in Nepal, there has been concern among stakeholders about the neutrality and accountability of some NGOs working at the district level. This field bulletin attempts to explore some of the contexts in which NGOs operate and it is based on discussions with a broad range of stakeholders, including NGOs, government officials, INGOs, political party leaders and community members in two hill and two Tarai districts in the Eastern Region.
The names of the districts, organizations and stakeholders have deliberately been withheld in order to avoid drawing attention to specific individuals. The field bulletin does not imply that the examples used represent the full picture but is an attempt to provide useful information to development partners and hopefully create an interest for more methodical research on the topic.
UNRCHCO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
01.02.00  -  International Relations
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