United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
People’s Perspectives and Understanding of Federalism: Positions of Stakeholders Regarding the Proposed Limbuwan Province Issue No. 23
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The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2006 committed Nepal to an inclusive, democratic and progressive restructuring of the State by eliminating the existing centralized and unitary form of the State. The Interim Constitution of Nepal (2007) declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republican State for which the nature, structure and institutions were to be laid down by the Constituent Assembly (CA) through the new Constitution. Originally, the Interim Constitution did not explicitly designate Nepal as a federal country but advocacy by Janajati groups
and the Madheshi movement of 2007 led to an amendment to the Interim Constitution. Federalism intends to make the State more inclusive by bringing government closer to the people. Most of the political parties in Nepal pledged their commitment to federalism through their manifestos leading up to the CA elections in 2008. However, of the major political parties, only the Unified Communist Party of Nepal–Maoist (UCPN-M) offered more specific details in its manifesto: 12 federal units to be established on the basis of ethnicity, language and region. Although the two other major parties – the Communist Party of Nepal–United Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) and the Nepal Congress (NC) support federalism they are reported to have concerns about the possibility of weakening national unity as well as about the emergence of communal tensions.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FEDERALISM, STAKEHOLDERS, ETHNIC AUTONOMY, COMMUNICATION, DIVISION, POLITICAL RIGHTS, MOBILIZATION OF RESOURCES, SETTLEMENT, EMPLOYMENT, INDIGENEOUS NATIONALITIES, SELF-DETERMINATION RIGHT, PREFERENTIAL RIGHTS, FIVE POINT AGREEMENT, ETHNIC DIVISION, DIVERGENT, ETHNIC GROUPS, INTERIM CONSTITUTION, VIOLENCE, KIRAT LIMBU ASSOCIATION, ETHNICITY, SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE, ETHNIC MOVEMENT, STATE RESTRUCTURING, COMMUNAL TENSION, STATE POWER
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
01.01.00  -  Political Conditions, Institutions, Movements
Reference Link:
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