United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Myths and Realities of Land Capture: Some Stories From the Eastern Districts - Issue No.16
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In the 1990s, the communist parties raised the slogan of “land to the tillers” in their election campaigns, enabling them to expand their support base in the Tarai where they were alleged by rival parties to be indirectly supporting the capture of public land in rural areas. Some other organizations, e.g. the Land Rights Forum and informal associations of landless people at district level were also involved in encouraging landless and marginal land owners to encroach upon public land in villages and nationalized forests. However, most of those cases were localized and none of the political parties officially endorsed such activities. The rise of the Maoists insurgency in the mid-nineties led to a marked departure from the fairly subtle land capture/land movements across the country, particularly in Tarai where land has more economic and agricultural value. The Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist(CPN-M)officially endorsed land capture from “feudal” landlords when it started “the People’s War” in 1996 and the policy was used to attract rural landless people to the party and its army. During the initial years of the insurgency, land captured particularly in the hills was cultivated in a “commune” manner and the harvest was used to sustain party supporters and fighters in isolated rural areas. In some cases even small-holders were forced to donate part of their harvest to CPN-M in order to be allowed to cultivate their land. This trend expanded throughout the conflict years until the 2006 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
LAND REFORMS, RULES AND REGULATIONS, LAND ALLOTMENT, MAOIST INSURGENCY, LAND LEGISLATION, ARMED GROUPS, LANDOWNERSHIP, RIGHT TO PROPERTY, CRIMINAL GROUPS, PEACE AGREEMENT, ORDINARY CITIZEN, LAND POLICY, HUMAN RIGHT, HUMAN RIGHT ACTIVIST, LAND TENURE, PUBLIC LAND
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
09.01.00  -  Settlement Planning
Reference Link:
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