United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Citizenship in Nepal: Historical evolution and the current situation in a typical Tarai District, Banke - Issue No. 14
PDF File Size: 688 KB | Download   
Citizenship is an integral part of one’s identity and the primary means through which people interact with the state and secure their political, social and economic rights. However, the acquisition of citizenship has not always been easy for everyone. A porous border and historical migration from both north and south have rendered the determination of Nepali citizenship a difficult and complex process. Furthermore, poverty, lack of education, unclear laws, poor infrastructure, and ineffective service delivery also render acquiring citizenship a difficult task, particularly for excluded groups. This is more prevalent among poor and marginalized social groups in Nepal, including women. As a result, some eligible Nepali citizens have
been deprived of their citizenship rights and rendered de facto stateless. There are no concrete figures on exactly how many eligible residents are without citizenship certificates, but one estimate from 1994 states
a range from 3-5 million1. As citizenship gains prominence as the primary criterion to exercise the right to vote, controversies surrounding it are also flaring up. The Government of Nepal (GoN) recently initiated some steps to grant citizenship to eligible Nepalis who do not hold a certificate. Several rounds of citizenship registration through mobile teams have been undertaken in various districts, mainly in the Tarai where the problem is known to be acute. The decision that citizenship is required for inclusion on the voter list has evoked strong reactions in many Tarai districts, amidst claims and counter claims about the legitimacy of the process. Though citizenship is a nationwide issue, this field bulletin focuses on the context in Banke by articulating the voices of different groups in the district in relation to citizenship.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
CITIZENSHIP, ETHNIC CONFLICT, NATURALIZATION, JUS SANGUINIS, ILLITERATE, DALIT COMMUNITY, ALIENATION, CLASS STRUGGLE, CONFLICT OF GENERATIONS, CULTURE CONFLICT, DISSIDENTS, HOSTILITY, LABOUR DISPUTES, SOCIAL CLASSES, SOCIAL CONTROL, PREVENTION GROUP, CONFLICT PREVENTION, INTER-COMMUNAL NEGOTIATIONS, LANGUAGE MINORITIES, MINORITIES RACE, RACE RELATIONS, RELIGIOUS GROUPS,MARGINALIZED SOCIAL GROUPS,NEPALI CITIZENSHIP, DEPRIVED GROUPS, POROUS BOARDER, UNCLEAR LAW, POOR INFRASTRUCTURE
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
935  times viewed
24  times downloaded.
Feeder: DEEPIKA DHAKAL , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
People without citizenship certificates in Central Tarai: The unregistered next generation - Issue No. 15
State of stateless citizens: A case study on citizenship and landlessness issues of the Santhal community Issue 5
Constitution of Nepal 2015
Understanding the Critical Linkages Between Gender-Based Violence and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Fulfilling Commitments Towards MDG+15
Land Seizure in three Mid Western Tarai Districts - Issue No. 26
UNHCR NEPAL FACT SHEET 2014
UNHCR NEPAL FACT SHEET 2014
Concerns about discrimination and the Citizenship Bill
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series : Post- Constitutional Nation Buliding In Nepal: Equal Citizen, Market, Social Protection & The Rule Of Law
The Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal: A Tool for Settlement Workers and Sponsors
Catalytic Support On Land Issues In Nepal
संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघिय मानवअधिकार उपउच्चायुक्त क्युङ काङ्ले बैशाख ९ देखी यू गतेसम्म नेपाल भ्र्‍मन गर्ने
Discovering Peace Through Livelihood
General Assembly - A/HRC/12/34/Add.3 - Promotion and Protection of all Human Rights, Civil Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to development - REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN NEPAL. (20th July, 2009)
Livelihood Recovery for Peace (LRP) Project
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series-Constitution Making Process in Nepal: Citizenship Discourse Imapct on Women And Children
Speak Up Stop Discrimination
Micro-dynamics of Land Conflict and Land Conflict Resolution in Nepal
UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights Ms. Kyung-wha Kang to Visit Nepal, 18-20 April
Discovering Peace Through Livelihood
Joint HIV Assessment Mission Of Conflict- Affected Populations In Nepal
UNHCR’s New HIV/AIDS Awareness Project For Conflict-affected Populations In Nepal
Violence against Madheshi Dalit Women in Dhanusa & Mahottari districts - Issue 39
Report of the Secretary-General on the request of Nepal for United Nations Assistance in Support of its Peace Process (23 December 2010)
OCHA Nepal Situation Overview, Issue No.10 (February 2007)
UNHCR Global Report 2010, Nepal
Address by Ian Martin On the occasion of International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Event hosted by the National Dalit Commission and the Dalit NGO Federation Members
Microdynamics of Land Conflict and Land Conflict Resolution in Nepal
Nepal - Presence of Village Development Committee (VDC) Secretaries Comparative Results of 2008 and 2009 Survey
ACCESS TO JUSTICE Project: Enhancing Access to Justice for Consolidation of Peace in Nepal (A2J)
Monthly Update – June 2013 UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office Nepal
Monthly Update – July 2013 UN Resident Coordinator’s Office Nepal
UNHCR Global Appeal 2011 Update (2015 July 20)
Conflict Prevention Program (CPP)
Decent Work Country Programme for Nepal
UNESCO and Japan Support Innovative Efforts To Increase Literacy In Rural Areas
The Status of Land Seizures in Kailali District - Issue No.20
Evaluation of the Impact of Food for Assets on Livelihood Resilience in Nepal (2002 – 2010).
WFP Expands Nepal Operations To Reach 2.5 Million Hungry
Accessing Interim Relief: Kailali and Dadeldhura - Issue No. 21
The Badi Community of Nepal - Issue 50
A Rapid Scan Organizations Working on Women and Peace in Nepal
Implementing Commitments To Women’s Equal Participation
CONFLICT PREVENTION PROGRAMME (CPP)
Conflict Sensitivity
Assessment of Village Development Committee Governance and the Use of Block Grants
Inter-Agency Thematic Report:Consolidated by OCHA Nepal
An Overview of the Mid Western Region of Nepal
Indicators for Monitoring Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Nepal - A user's guide
Youth Initiatives for Peace and Reconciliation (YIPR) Project Evaluation Report
Conflict Sensitivity Topic Guide, Final Draft – 20 August 2014
UNICEF's Juvenile Justice in Nepal series 1: Juveniles in Detention- Police custody Monitoring Report
Field Bulletin, Issue No.8, June 2011
Roundtable with the Muslims Community , Nepalgunj (5 August 2013)
News Note - Nepal Earthquakes: Three Months on from First Quake UNICEF Reaches Out to the Most Vulnerable Population with Cash Transfer
Conflict Prevention Program (CPP)
Emergency Update - 2 - Food Security Situation in the Eastern Terai Districts of Saptari and Siraha
UNHCR Nepal Fact Sheet March 2014
UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights Ms. Kyung-wha Kang to visit Nepal, 18-20 April
Report of the Secretary-General on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict
Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women
Opening Remarks By Ms. Kyung-wha Kang United Nations Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights Roundtable on Strategies for addressing discriminatory citizenship provisions against women in the forthcoming Constitution Kathmandu - April 19, 2011
UNSCR 1325 AND FEMALE EX-COMBATANTS - CASE STUDY OF THE MAOIST WOMEN OF NEPAL
Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, Nepal - Food Assistance to Refugees from Bhutan in Nepal
Independent Final Evaluation of the “Jobs For Peace Programme: 12,500 Youth Employed and Empowered through an Integrated Approach” in Nepal (Final Report)
United Nations Office On Drugs And Crime: Nepal (Police)
Assessment of the Emergency Top-up Cash Transfer Programme for Vulnerable Groups in Nepal
Statement by Ian Martin Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General Kathmandu
Visit of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict
An Overview of the Eastern Region of Nepal
WFP Begins Food Distributions to Flood Victims in Western Terai
Further Progress Essential for Durable Peace, says High Commissioner’s Annual Report to Human Rights Council
Livelihoods Recovery for Peace Project (LRP)
Peace and Disarmament Education Survey 2014
Crop Situation Update-September 2006, issue 2
स्थलगत बुलेटिन गैससहरुको जनसतीमा बिबिधता; एउटा पूवी पहाडी जिल्लाका गैसस लैंङगिक समानता तथा सामाजिक समावेसीकरण अवस्था
स्थलगत बुलेटिन भू- स्वामित्वको स्वरुप तथा सम्बन्धि मुदाहरु -बाके जिल्लाक उदाहरण
Voices from the Field Press Freedom in the CPA to the Constituent Assembly
Do No Harm Orientation-Learner's Kit
UNDAF District Profile: Achham
Basis Concepts of Conflict Sensitivity
स्थलगत बुलेटिन नेपालको नागरिकता ; एतिहासिक विकासकर्म तथा तराईको जिल्ला मध्य बाके जिल्लामा हालको अवस्था
Language Survey Report
Monthly Update (July 2011) UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office Nepal
From Refugee to a New Life
Human Rights in Nepal A Status Report 2003
UN Newsletter - Vol. 4 (October 2008)
National Action Plan on Women, Peace & Security Status of implementation in the Far Western Region - Issue 43
Knowledge, Attitude & Practice Survey Improvised Explosive Devices Landmines and Other Explosive Remnants of War
Nepal : Village Development Committee (VDC) Secretaries displacement - as of July 2006
Water, Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Programme for Urban Poor
Employment/ Self Employment Service Programme for Conflict Victims
Project Information Sheet Catalytic Support on Land Issues
Constitution Making Process In Nepal Citizenship Discourse Impact On Women And Children UNICEF
New UNHCR Representative in Nepal.
MEDIA ADVISORY संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघीय मानवअधिकार उच्चायुक्त क्युंग ह्वा कांगले वैशाख ५ देखि ७ गते सम्म नेपाल भ्रमण गर्ने २०६८, वैशाख २
Address by David Johnson Officer-in-Charge, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal On the occasion of International Day of the World’s Indigenous People 9 August 2006 Organised by NEFIN and the JSCIN
Closing Statement at Nepalgunj Human Rights Community Interaction on Discrimination and Social Exclusion Louise Arbour United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Nepal Earthquake 2015 A Socio-demographic Impact study ( With reference to 14 most affected districts)
Nepal Earthquake 2015: A Socio-Demographic Impact Study
100 result(s) found.