United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
The Barghar System and Traditional Governance among Tharus - Issue no. 12
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Before the advent of the modern state, communities all over the world developed their indigenous institutions and governance mechanisms. The Tharus in the Tarai region of Nepal call this the barghar
system, a local governance institution with a traditional head and staff. This village leadership is selected during the Tharu Maghi (or New Year) festival in Magh (mid-January), when the festival calendar is also
decided and development priorities are agreed. The traditional Tharu leader, called a barghar, is either selected by consensus or elected by villagers for a year term. Barghars are also known as mahatawa in Dang and Surkhet and bargharia or bhalmansa in Kailali, Kanchanpur, Bardiya and Banke. A form of mahatawa also exists among Tharu in the eastern and central regions but is less established and adhered to than in the west. The traditional Tharu village leadership comprises the barghar (head), likhandariya (secretary), guruwa (priest), kesauka (assistant priest), and chaukidar or chirakia (a person responsible for assembling people and disseminating information). The barghar also appoints a person responsible for repairing homemade tools who is typically from the lohara - a hill dalit caste. The barghar’s position is voluntary whereas villagers pay paddy to the others to acknowledge their services.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
TRADITIONAL GOVERNANCE, BARGHAR SYSTEM, CULTURAL HERITAGE, CULTURAL PROPERTY, CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS, RESOURCE MOBILIZATION, PARTICIPATORY, INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE, INDIGENOUS PRACTICE, THARU YOUTH, DOMESTIC VOILENCE, BLOCKADES, MASS MEETING, ECONOMIC LIFE, SOCIAL LIFE, CULTURAL LIFE, STRIKES, PEACEFUL PROTEST, COMMUNITY LABOUR, COMMUNITY DISPUTES, BARDIYA DISTRICT, CONSULTATION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, UTILIZING LABOUR
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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