United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Maya Fact Sheet # 5 - Air Quality Status and Management in Kathmandu Valley
PDF File Size: 1.31 MB | Download   
Air pollution has become a serious environmental concern and a public health risk in Kathmandu Valley. Studies show that the concentration of particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM 10) in the Valley’s ambient air is already several times higher than WHO safer limit and Kathmandu is one of the most polluted cities in Asia with regards to PM10 and PM2.5level (WHO, 2014b; CAI-Asia, 2006). Although levels of gaseous pollutants such
as oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulphur, and ozone have not been found to be very high, they may increase in the future with increasing motorization. Furthermore, levels of toxic chemicals such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) may also be high due to combustion in brick kilns and diesel vehicles (MOEST, 2005). According to Environmental Pollution Index 2014 published by Yale University, Nepal ranked second last after Bangladesh in terms of air quality and its effect to human health.
Nepal is the fastest urbanizing country in South Asia and Kathmandu Valley is the fastest growing metropolitan area in the region (World Bank, 2012). The valley has observed rapid urbanization and population growth in last few decades. The annual population growth rate is in the Valley 4.3 % and the annual motorization rate is 12% (CBS, 2011; DoTM, 2014). The valley is especially vulnerable to air pollution due to haphazard urbanization, rapid
motorization, valley centric industrialization and its topography.
CANN, UN HABITAT ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
03.04.00  -  Pollution
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
2361  times viewed
415  times downloaded.
Feeder: BABITA RAI , Editor: ANGELA DANGOL , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Independent terminal evaluation:NEPAL Environmentally sound management and disposal of PCBs
Air Quality in Nepal - Ram Singh Yadav, State Minister of Health, Nepal [YouTube]
नागदहका माछा
इम्जाकाे झस्काे
खाैराे बकुल्ला
Maya Fact Sheet # 3 Cycling in Kathmandu Valley - Pedal Power for Equity and Sustainability
Report of the Eighth Meeting of Health Secretaries of the Countries of WHO South-East Asia Region Kathmandu,Nepal, 16 – 18 April 2003
Radiation Protection in Kathmandu (Nepal)
WHO voxpop Pollution [YouTube]
Summary of Environmental Imapct Study of Industrial Development Around Lumbini- the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha and a World Heritage Property
Case Studies on Measuring and Assessing Forest Degradation - Forest Resources Assessment Working Paper 163
GEF-Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP)
Lessons learned from appraising the impact of IFAD projects in Nepal on the GHG balance and stocks of natural resources - An analysis using the Ex-Ante Carbon balance Tool
Environmental Impact Assessment of Industrial Development Around Lumbini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property
लिटिल डायनाे
रङ्गीन विष
Environmental Impact Assessment of Industrial Development Around Lumbini, the Birth Place of Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property
Accelerating Progress Towards The Health-Related Millennium Development Goals
Stories From The Field: Nepal’s ‘Poorest Of The Poor’ Reap The Benefits Of Innovative Leasehold Project
Sustainable Development in the 21st Century: Sustainable Land Use for the 21st Century
Develop An Information Base And Strategies For Environmental Improvement Of Bagmati River And Its Territory
Disasters And Conflicts: Policy And Field Updates
Bagmati Action Plan (2009-2014)
Summary of Environmental Impact Study of industrial development around Lumbini, the birthplace of the Lord Buddha and a World Heritage Property
The Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) In Nepal
Economic and Financial Decision Making in Disaster Risk Reduction
Addressing Water & Sanitation Services in Peri-urban Areas
Improved Cookstoves with Loan Facility - Nepal Animation : Youtube
Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Sub-Saharan Africa
Cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces in the context of COVID-19
Understanding Forest Degradation in Nepal
Agricultural Technology For Development ( Seventieth session )
Status and Strategy for Faecal Sludge Management in The Kathmandu Valley
Newsletter Simsar: News in Brief- Vol 3 (April 2009)
Confronting the Open Defecation Practice in Flat Lands of Nepal: Creating New Social Norms
Custodians Of Culture and Biodiversity: Indigenous Peoples take charge of their challenges and opportunities
Maya Fact Sheet #1 Urban Mobility in Kathmandu - Status and Trends
Climate change guidelines for forest managers
Chronic respiratory diseases: Kanchhi's daily routine with breathing difficulties [YouTube]
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT - Of Industrial Development Around Lumbini, The Birthplace of The Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property
WHO Supports Nepal to Set up First Sub-National Hub at Gorkha, to Extend Health-Care Reach After the Earthquake
Constructed Wetlands Manual
74th UN Day 2019
74th UN Day 2019
74th UN Day 2019
74th UN Day
74th UN Day 2019
74th UN Day 2019
74th UN Day 2019
UNDAF Annual Report 2017.
Sustainable Development Goals Baseline Report of Province No. Five
UN Newsletter-Vol. 61 (Oct-Nov 2016)
My SDGs, my responsibility
Nepal : A Brief about the country
New UN Websites & publications UN In General
Forests for Food Security and Livelihood Sustainability: Policy Problems and Opportunities for Small Farmers in Nepal
Regional Workshop on Pro-poor Leasehold Forestry
Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors: STEPS Survey Nepal 2013
WASH Program Aligning for Action - Sanitation and Water for All in the Context of Climate Change in Nepal
Pineapple As Alternate Cropping To Control Soil Erosion In Nepal
Post-2015 And SDGs: Nourishing People, Nurturing The Planet (May 2015)
Biosafety and Waste Management Blood Transfusion Services, Nepal National Guidelines 2013
MaYA Fact Sheet #2 Walkability in Kathmandu Valley - Walking: Our Right-Of-Way
FRA 2000- Global Forest Cover Map
Health Facility Mapping Survey 2009/2010
Impacts of climate crisis and environmental degradation on children and youth in Nepal
United Nations Office For The Coordination Of Humanitarian Affairs Emergency Preparedness Section: Disaster Waste Management Guidelines
Assignment Report on Solid Waste Management in Kathmandu
Notes of the Local Project Appraisal Committee Meeting of the Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Program
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SURVEY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2017 - Governance and Fiscal Management
Nepal: Environmentally Sound Management of POPs Pesticides and Disposal of PCBs
UN Newsletter - Vol. 74 (Jan-Feb 2019)
2016 Health SDG Profile: Nepal WHO
Assessment of Capacities using SEA Region Benchmarks for Emergency Preparedness and Response
The GEF Small Grants Programme Nepal Project Profiles
MaYA Fact Sheet # 4 - Public Transportation in Kathmandu Valley, Restructuring and Reforming the System
Ecosystem Based Adaptation
पारिस्थितिकिय प्रणालिमा आधारित अनुकुलन
Nepal: Flood 2017 Office of the Resident Coordinator Situation Report No. 2 (as of 16 August 2017)
SDGs in Nepal Goal 6 : Info-graphics
#66 UN Essay 2015: My United Nations- A Vision For The Future
From MDGs To SDGs: A New Era For Global Public Health 2016–2030
Equity in School Water and Sanitation Overcoming Exclusion and Discrimination in South Asia
Shanghai Poverty Conference – Scaling Up Poverty Reduction
Study Shows Significant Impact Of Industrial Development In BhairahawaLumbini Road In Lumbini
Ground-breaking Effort: Upgrading Water and Sanitation Services
Impact Assessment of National Integrated Pest Management (NIPM) Program in Nepal
Newsletter Simsar: Brief Introduction of a Wetland Site- Vol 2 (Dec 2008)
Regenerating Forests And Livelihoods In Nepal: A New Lease On Life
Breaking New Ground Leasehold Forestry in Nepal (February 2004)
Technical Cooperation Programme - Strengthening Capacities for Disaster Prevention and Preparedness and Climate Risk Management in the Agricultural Sector
UN Newsletter - Vol. 11 (May 2009)
The Sustainable Development Goals Report (2018)
Integrating Agriculture In National Adaptation Plans: Safeguarding Livelihoods And Promoting Resilience Through NAPs
Study on Seismic Vulnerability of Drinking Water Supply System in Kathmandu Valley
Two New Books on Lumbini to be Launched by UNESCO
100 result(s) found.