United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Local Self Governance - Nepal Participatory Constitution Building Booklet Series No. 4
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Effective decentralization is an element of good governance and an expression of democratic practice. It is also a prerequisite for effective and efficient public administration. It is recognized that elected local authorities, alongside national and regional authorities, are key actors in democratic governance and administration. They collaborate with national and regional authorities but also have their own autonomous spheres of public action. Local democracy thus constitutes an essential element of democracy itself whatever the form of the State, whether federal, regionalized or unitary. Public responsibilities should be exercised by those elected authorities, which are closest to the citizens. Generally, national, regional and local responsibilities should be differentiated by the constitution and legislation, in order to clarify the respective powers. The Constitution should also guarantee access to the resources necessary for the decentralized institutions to carry out the functions allocated to them. Nepal’s recent history has been characterized by weak or dysfunctional local government. Constitutional and legal provisions foresee a system of self government based on principles of decentralization and devolution in both rural and urban areas. However, the current situation calls for significant legal and administrative reforms to enact a system of local government that is both practical and responsive to Nepal’s needs, as well as in line with international standards of good and democratic governance. The drafting of a new Constitution represents an opportunity to revisit this area and develop a comprehensive and new approach to local governance.
#GovernanceSystem #LocalSelfGovernment #Decentralization
Publisher:
CCD/UNDP ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
FEDERAL SYSTEM, FEDERALISM, MONETARY POLICY, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, CONSTITUTIONS, CIVIL RIGHTS, POLITICAL RIGHTS, WOMEN'S RIGHTS, FREEDOM, HUMAN SECURITY, HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, RIGHT TO PEACE, CAPACITY BUILDING, JUDICIAL SYSTEM, COURTS, EDUCATION, HEALTH, DEVELOPMENT, GOVERNMENT, ELECTIONS, CONSTITUTIONS, GOVERNANCE, GOVERNMENT POLICY, LOCAL GOVERNMENT, LOCAL FINANCE, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
02.04.00  -  Development
Reference Link:
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