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Understanding Forest Degradation in Nepal
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In Nepal, forest degradation has had adverse, and overlapping, ecological,
environmental and social implications. Ecological outcome have include a reduction in canopy cover,a decline in forest quality,structure and composition,a decrease in productive capacity of forests, an increase in invasive species and loss of biodiversity. The environment has undergone soil erosion,fragmentation of habitats and shifts in wildlife movement resulting from new obstacles. The combination of these factors has had broad and damaging implications on society and livelihoods,as the number of natural disasters had increased,and the production of forest products and service has declined.
Forest provide a wide range of regulating,cultural and supporting service for human well-being collectively known as ecosystem services. The sustainability of forest ecosystem requires a careful management,efficient utilization and effective protection measures against deforestation and forest degradation. In a mountainous country such a s Nepal,forest are important for protection of water catchment, the conservation of soil and maintenance of biodiversity,as well as for their contribution to sustainable rural livelihoods and maintenance of the environment. It is interpretive to develop common understanding of the effects of forest degradation among the users of forests,forest managers ,policy-makers and politicians so that appropriate public policy to address it can be developed.
#FORESTS #ForestsForLivelihoodSustainability #ImportanceOfForestsResources #EffectsOfForestDegradation #ForestEcosystem
FAO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.05.00  -  Forestry
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