United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Regional Workshop on Pro-poor Leasehold Forestry
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The earth is covered by 3.8 billion hectare of forests, which is about 30% of the global land area (FAO, 2012). Ten countries with the biggest forest area (Russia, Brazil, Canada, USA, China, Congo, Australia, Indonesia, Sudan and India) occupy 67% of the total forest area on earth (FAO, 2010).A total of 5.83 million hectare (39.6% of the country land area) is covered by forest and shrub land in Nepal. The forest dependent communities, living proximate to forests, in all over the world are among the most disadvantaged and poor communities. Being the source of extraordinarily wide range of products and ecosystem services, forests and trees provide numerous tangible and intangible benefits to the billions of people living on this planet. The forests could be the meaningful vehicle for the overall development of the country and local communities. Unfortunately, it is not the case when we compare the distribution of the forests and poverty in the global and local levels. The countries with highest proportion of the forests such as Congo, Sudan and such other African countries are among the poorest countries in the world. This contradictory situation continues in Nepal also. The districts with higher proportion of the forests, are among the poor districts (with poor human development indices) in Nepal. The benefits from the forests used to be drawn away by the outsiders rather than the people living adjacent to the forests. The situation has slightly improved after the adoption of the community based forest management (CBFM) system in Nepal. Among the various systems of the prevalent CBFM, the Leasehold Forestry (LHF) programme has directly benefited the poor people living at the vicinity of the forests. There are plenty of natural resources available in Nepal. Three Js (Jall, Jungle and Jamin: Water, Forests and Land) are the most important natural resources of the country. Long before, the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation had recognized the rights of the local people upon these resources, and initiated accordingly the devolution of the management, conservation, utilization and alienation rights to the local people in the form of various Community Based Forest Management systems. Community forestry, leasehold forestry and such other CBFMs have addressed the management of the forests and other resources through the participation of the local communities. The government has targeted to reduce the rural poverty and improve the condition of the degraded forests through the LHF programme, initiated in 1992.
#ForestsForFoodSecurity #ForestsForLivelihoodSustainability #ImportanceOfForestsResources #EffectsOfForest degradation
GoN, IFAD, FAO ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Draft in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.05.00  -  Forestry
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