United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles
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The small and landlocked Kingdom of Nepal extends from the highest peak in the world to the plains of the Terai. It lies along the slopes of the Himalaya between China and India with a land area of 147 181 km2 being 800 km from east to west, and from 144 km to 240 km north to south, between 800 – 880 E and 260 - 310 N. The country borders India to the East, South and West and China to the North (See Figures 1a and 1b). The elevation ranges from 66 m to 8 848 m above sea level. Nepal has distinct land use patterns as it is influenced by climatic variation, altitude and relief. Land use in the hills differs from that of the plains. After the eradication of malaria in 1958 there has been a massive migration of people from the hills and mountains to the Terai. Since then, the area under forest decreases every year and land under crops was increasing until recently when the government started a massive campaign against deforestation to check falling soil fertility caused by soil erosion and landslides. Population distribution and growth influence the land use pattern. Pressure on the forest has increased due to the rapid population growth. Of a land area of 14.7 million ha, 17% is plain and the remaining
83% is hills and mountains. 15% of the total land is covered by snow and 37% by forest, whereas 18% is under agriculture. The population was 24.80 million at the 2004 census, increasing at a rate of 2.25% annually (although the World Factbook estimates the July 2006 population at 28 287 147 with a 2.17% growth rate). Population density per hectare of cultivated land is generally higher in the Hills than the Terai and lowest in the Mountains. The people of Nepal belong to several ethnic groups and may practice different agricultural techniques, so some details are given when discussing stock rearing and systems. The main religions are Hinduism and Buddhism.(Dinesh Pariyar).
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2008 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
COUNTRY PASTURE, FORAGE RESOURCE PROFILE, LIVESTOCK SECTOR, LAND OWNERSHIP AND TENURE, COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES, SOILS AND TOPOGRAPHY, CLIMATE AND AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES, RUMINANT LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS, PASTURE RESOURCE, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, OPPORTUNITIES AND IMPROVEMENT, FORAGE PLANTS, FORAGE CROPS, ANIMAL FEED, CATTLE FEED , GRASSLANDS, GRAZING
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.03.00  -  Livestock
Reference Link:
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