United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Cold Water Fisheries in the Trans-Himalayan Countries
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Cool and cold water streams and rivers in six countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan and China) of the mountain arc extending from Hindu Kush through Pamir, Karakoram and Himalayas support predominantly subsistence and/or recreational/sport fisheries, with commercial fisheries practised only in some lakes and reservoirs. While fishing in streams and rivers is largely unmanaged, considerable effort has gone into the management of some reservoirs and lakes in India, Pakistan and Nepal. For recreational fishery brown trout has been introduced in some rivers and streams of the southern slopes of the mountain arc, and has succeeded in establishing self-reproducing populations in some of them. Schizothoracinae (a sub-family of the family Cyprinidae) is the predominant group of indigenous fish captured from streams and rivers, and mahseer (Tor spp) and Neolissocheilus hexagonolepis are the favourite fish of anglers. Overfishing has become a problem in many cold water streams and rivers, as well as in some lakes in India. Deterioration of catchment soils by inappropriate agricultural practices and deforestation, and pollution are reducing the water quality, harming the cold water fish stocks in some rivers, streams and shallow lakes. Kashmir Valley lakes Dal and Wular in Jammu and Kashmir of India are being reduced in size through the process of eutrophication, explosive growth of aquatic plants and encroachment of agriculture into their margins. Enhancement of cold water fish stocks through regular stocking of indigenous fish species in a variety of water bodies in the mountain arc, especially in the Himalayas, is one way which has been pursued by some of the countries in the region. There is a growing awareness of the need for protecting the catchment from inappropriate land use practices.
#ColdWater #Fisheries
FAO ,   (2002 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.04.00  -  Fisheries
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