United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Crop Situation Update
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Highlights:
1. The production of wheat and barley is estimated at 1.9 million mt, and 37 thousand mt
respectively. This is an increase in production of 2 percent and 6 percent respectively compared to 2011/12 winter season. The Central Development Region is the largest wheat producing region with an output of 631 thousand mt, up by 5 percent compared to 2011/12.
2. Increase in winter crop production is attributed to the timely and adequate precipitation (rainfall/snowfall), and increased use of agricultural inputs.
3. Despite a good winter crop harvest, the 2012/13 national cereal crop production decreased substantially from 9.45 million mt of last year to 8.74 million mt this year—a drop of 7.6 percent.
4. Due to late and erratic rainfall during the monsoon, the production of paddy, maize, and millet decreased to 4.5 million mt, 2.0 million mt, and 0.30 million mt, respectively. A decrease in production by 11.3 percent, 8.3 percent, and 3 percent respectively compared to 2011/12. Buckwheat marginally increased by 0.3 percent to 10,056 mt.
5. The overall national cereal balance remains positive with a surplus of 408.4 thousand mt (7.8 percent) of edible food as opposed to a surplus of 886.3 thousand mt (17.2 percent) last year.
6. Despite a surplus cereal food balance at national level, as many as 33 districts are food deficit; many of them are in the Mid- and Far-Western Hill and Mountain districts.
7. During the period July 2012-March 2013, the share of cereal import was 3.25 percent (worth NPR 14 billion) as compared to 2.27 percent for the same period last year.
8. Year-on-year Wholesale Price Index (WPI) marginally increased by 8.1 percent in May 2013 compared to 8.0 percent in the same period last year. However, the WPI of the cereal grains, increased by 9.4 percent compared to a decline of 0.2 percent over the same period last year.
9. Global cereal production is estimated at 2,708 million mt, an increase of 6 percent compared to last year. In India, total grain output is estimated at 255.36 million mt, which includes 104.22 million mt of rice, 93.62 million mt
of wheat, and 21.82 million mt of maize.
#CropsProduction #SummerAndWinterCrops
Publisher:
GoN, FAO, WFP ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
CROPS, WINTER CROP, SUMMER CROP, CROP ERADICATION, CROP MANAGEMENT, CROP ROTATION, CROP MONITORING, CULTIVATION SYSTEMS, WHEAT, BARLEY, CEREALS, FERTILIZER, LENTILS, SEEDS, AGRICULTURE, FOOD, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD MARKET, FOOD HABITS, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
04.02.01  -  Crop Management
Reference Link:
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