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Sex Selection: Pervasiveness and preparedness in Nepal -Executive Summary
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Analysis indicates that the practice of pre-natal sex determination and sex-selective
abortion is low in the study population. Only 3 per cent (74 women) of the ever-pregnant women had sought pre-natal sex-determination tests. The study also found that more than half of the married women in the survey (54 per cent) had no preference for any sex during the first pregnancy, though son preference in the first pregnancy was found to be higher among women in the Terai than in the hill districts.
At the same time, however, among those who had a daughter as their first child, the
vast majority (81 per cent) reported preferring to bear a son during the next pregnancy. Indeed, daughters are still widely perceived to be of less economic value, because tradition continues to demand that women’s families give dowry at the time of marriage; in addition, women almost always live in their husband’s home after marriage, thus disallowing them from helping their birth parents on any sustained basis. Sons, on the other hand, are perceived to be future sources of economic support (including in bringing home dowry) and old-age security, while religion allows only sons to perform last rites. Women from the Terai have relatively easy access to sex-determination clinics in Indian border towns. The study showed that 57 per cent of married women are aware of prenatal sex-determination technologies, and know where to obtain such services. One-fifth of the women who ever had pre-natal sex-determination tests had visited India to do so. The study identified 72 clinics located in 10 border towns and cities along the three studied border routes in India that provide sex-selection services to Nepalese women.
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 UNFPA : Population studies
10.06.02  -  Medical Sciences
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