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Country Progress Report on HIV/AIDS Response NEPAL
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The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) was entrusted with the responsibility of leading the preparation and submission of the Nepal Country AIDS Response Progress Report 2014. In January 2014, NCASC formed an Advisory Group (AG) and a Technical Working Team (TWT) along with terms of reference (ToR). The road map for the Country AIDS Response Progress (GARP) reporting process was developed in consensus with the AG and TWT. A series of consultations,key informant interviews and group discussions were conducted for the data collection process for the reporting of the core indicators and National Commitments and Policy Instruments (NCPI). A data validation workshop was held for all the stakeholders who participate in the national response to HIV/AIDS in Nepal. The draft report was hared with the stakeholders and a timeline was provided to them for submitting their comments. The relevant comments from the stakeholders were incorporated in the final report. Nepal's HIV prevalence has not changed much over the last five years, it has remained within 0.3 - 0.2 percent. The estimated HIV prevalence among 15-49 years is 0.23 percent in 2013. With this level of HIV infection, there are approximately 40,720 people living with HIV in Nepal. Although HIV prevalence has not changed much, the country has achieved reduction in the number of new infections, from 8,039 new infections annually in 200 to 1,408 in 2013. Apart from overall low HIV prevalence among adult population, the country's epidemic scenario looks much different among key populations where, in certain groups, HIV prevalence is much higher, notably among People who Inject Drugs (PWID), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM),Transgender People, Female Sex Workers(FSW) and Male Labour Migrants and their families. Besides HIV prevalence among key populations,their size remains a considerable challenge for achieving as well as maintaining optimal coverage.
The national response to HIV is premised upon the National AIDS Policy 201. Moreover, the National HIV/AIDS Strategy 201-2016, embracing the principal of universal aces, human right- based approach and multi-sectoral approach, guides the national response. In the reporting period, Nepal is implementing the programmatic strategies in prevention of HIV through targeted prevention interventions among key populations and pregnant mothers and providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) to medically eligible (CD4 cut of value of 350) people living with HIV and also providing care and support services such as community and home base care (CHBC). On top of policy and strategy Nepal has developed a three years investment plan (Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014- 2016) to further prioritize HIV interventions as well as improve HIV coordination. The Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014-2016 (NHIP) calls for intensifying and scaling up its quality targeted prevention interventions that have been proven successful for containing the spread of HIV among key populations. A rapid scale up of the coverage of PMTCT has become an imperative for achieving the national target of reducing 90% of new infections among children.
#HIV/AIDS
Publisher:
GoN, UNAIDS ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
AIDS, DISEASES AND CARRIERS OF DISEASES, HIV/AIDS, HIV INFECTIONS, IMMUNOLOGIC DISEASES, VIRAL DISEASES, AIDS PREVENTION, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, BLOOD SAFETY, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, POPULATION, POPULATION DYNAMICS, GENDER
Thematic Group:
 UNAIDS : HIV/AIDS
Thesaurus:
10.03.02  -  Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
Reference Link:
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