United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Straregic Plan FOR HIV and AIDS in Nepal 1997 - 2001
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The transmission of HIV essentially involves certain types of contact between people:unprotected sexual intercourse, the sharing of needles and other equipment and the interchange of blood including perinatal transmission. There are two separate concepts, which are relevant here in the spread of HIV- human contact and mobility and change. Both are integral to the pattern and speed of spread of the epidemic, of who gets infected and how quickly. Prescriptions relating to condom use, sterile needles, the treatment of STD, etc., along with IEC, all derive from this feature of HIV transmission. These are the means that individuals can use to prevent or minimize the possibility of HIV transmission. Whilst human contact is a necessary condition for the spread of HIV, it is not a sufficient condition for the spread of the epidemic. If a group of individuals had always had shared sexual relations only among themselves then, irrespective of how frequently this occurred, the virus would not have entered the group nor spread among them. This would be true of closed sexual or drug networks. Thus, isolation is a form of protection, and the breakdown of isolation can entail the end of this protection -potentially a matter of great significance for rural populations in Nepal.
#EpidemicDisease #HIVTransmission
Publisher:
HMG ,   (1998 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
AIDS, DISEASES AND CARRIERS OF DISEASES, HIV/AIDS, HIV INFECTIONS, AIDS PREVENTION, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, BLOOD SAFETY, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, AIDS PREVENTION, REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, FAMILY PLANNING, MEDICAL SCIENCES, SEX EDUCATION, HEALTH EDUCATION, POPULATION, POPULATION DYNAMICS
Thematic Group:
 UNAIDS : HIV/AIDS
Thesaurus:
10.03.01  -  Disease Prevention And Control
Reference Link:
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