United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Strategy Paper for Early Childhood development in Nepal
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His Majesty’s Government of Nepal is committed to achieving Education for All (EFA), goal on “expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children”. Both the EFA National Plan of Action and the EFA 2004 - 2009 programme include commitments to expand and improve Early Childhood Development (ECD) provisions throughout the country. This paper attempts to present a concept and definition(s) of ECD and delineates the policy initiatives to facilitate coordination in the ECD programme. The paper places emphasis on making an optimal use of expertise, resources and institutional capacity to expand ECD provisions with a focus on disadvantaged and vulnerable communities. Stating the visions of ECD, the paper illustrates what the ECD children, parents, facilitators and the centers would be by 2015. The paper envisions the quality of all stakeholders and specifies the criteria to be achieved by 2015. The paper also looks at the existing legal framework with particular reference to the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal 1990 and the Local Self-governance Act 1999. A review of the existing policy framework is presented in relation to the current Five Year Plan and HMG/N policy documents on ECD. The paper also provides ECD projections and targets to be achieved by 2015.
The paper principally entails a description on the strategies that will be adopted by the Ministry of Education and Sports and the Department of Education to realise the ECD visions in Nepal. In order to make the most of the available resources, emphasis will be placed on coordination among all stakeholders at all levels, and on the formation of effective partnerships with them. Actions will also be taken to throughout the system, and particularly at the community level. This in turn will require efforts to enhance community involvement in the provision of ECD services. Recognizing the role of families in early childhood development, emphasis will be placed on parental education programmes. The holistic nature of children’s development will be addressed by integrating health and nutrition in ECD services. Actions will also be taken to ensure that suitable physical resources are made available for all ECD programmes. Finally, since ECD programmes will be implemented on the basis of cost-sharing, emphasis will be placed on different aspects of financial management. The final part of the paper considers the way forward in ECD implementation, focusing on the roles that will be played by the Government agencies including the Ministry, Department of Education and District Education Offices, as well as International and National NGOs, private sector agencies and local bodies. A detailed Action Plan is also provided.
#Education #EducationForAll #EFA #ECD
Publisher:
GoN, UNESCO ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
CHILD DEVELOPMENT, CHILD HEALTH, CHILD NEEDS,CHILD STUDY, MENTAL DEVELOPMENT, BASIC NEEDS, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT,COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, CHILD PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATION, EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING, RIGHT TO EDUCATION, NUTRITION, FOOD AND NUTRITION, CHILD NUTRITION, NUTRITION EDUCATION, NUTRITION PROGRAMMES
Thematic Group:
 UNESCO : Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Thesaurus:
14.05.02  -  Psychology
Reference Link:
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