United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Country Support Strategy: Water for Asian Cities-Nepal (2008-2012)
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Nepal lies between two large countries, India on the southern, eastern and western boundaries and the Tibet region of China on the northern. According to the 2001 census, Nepal has a population of 23.1 million. Compared to other
countries in Asia-Pacific region, Nepal has a low but increasing level of urbanization: about 15% percent of the population currently live in 58 municipalities, but this number could increase to 25% by the year 2015. Internal migration to these cities is increasing because rural areas lack basic social and physical infrastructures and economic opportunities. The 10- year-long conflict also contributed to the increase as villagers fled violence in the countryside. The average national population growth rate is 2.25% Three Year interim Plan(TYIP), but some major cities and towns, including Kathmandu Valley, report higher rates (UEIP Final Report 2002). About 31% of the population live below the poverty line, and the human poverty index is 38.7
(Human Development Report,2005). The annual average growth rate for agriculture is 2.8% and for non-agriculture about 5.2%. The literacy rate is is 63% and the net school enrolment rate in primary education (TYIP) is 87.4%. In terms of health, the total fertility rate is 3.1, the maternal mortality rate is 275 per 100,000, 53% use modern contraceptive methods and the neonatal, infant and
under-five child mortality rates per 1000 live births are 87, 48 and 55
respectively (Nepal Demographic Health Survey, 2006).
Publisher:
UNHABITAT ,   (2006 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
DRINKING WATER, WATER, WATER CONSUMPTION, WATER LAW, WATER QUALITY, WATER SUPPLY, WATER TREATMENT, RIGHT TO DRINKING WATER, SANITATION, SETTLEMENT PLANNING, WASTE DISPOSAL, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, GENDER, POPULATION DYNAMICS, GENDER EQUALITY, GENDER MAINSTREAMING, GENDER RESEARCH, GENDER STATISTICS, LITERACY, EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING, BASIC EDUCATION, EDUCATION
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
Thesaurus:
03.05.00  -  Water
Reference Link:
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