United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Labour Migration for Employment: A Status Report for Nepal: 2014/2015
PDF File Size: 1.66 MB | Download   
Foreign employment is indeed the most significant motivation for international migration from Nepal in the twenty-first century. More than 3.8 million permits to work abroad (excluding India) were issued by the Government during the 1993/94–2014/15 fiscal years, which represents almost 14 per cent of the current population. As well, according to the recent census data (2011), nearly 71 per cent of the total absent population (1,921,494), or people living out of the country (including living in India) cited private and institutional jobs abroad as the reasons for leaving.

Subsequently, there has been a huge increase in the inflow of remittances, from 58.6 billion rupees (NPR) in 2003/04 to NPR589.5 billion in 2014/15. Remittances contributed a 10.9 percentage share of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2003/04 and 27.7 per cent in 2014/15. The remittance flow, therefore, is a major contributor to development financing in Nepal.

The outflow of migrants in the past decade has been momentous in transforming the country’s economic, social and cultural fabric. Nepal has emerged as a remittance economy, shaped by migrants’ cash flows, so much so that it was the third-largest recipient of remittances—as a share of GDP—in the world in 20122 and the top recipient among least developed countries.3 Foreign employment has provided alternative livelihood opportunities, and remittances have helped to augment household incomes.
Among the many impacts of foreign employment, the social dynamics have changed, with many people in the working-age population, particularly men, absent from home. Additionally, cultural norms are being transformed as more women join the labour force nationally and internationally.

The voluminous nature of labour migration for employment has brought both new opportunities and challenges for the Government and policy-makers. A primary concern has been in managing the huge outflow while ensuring the safety, rights, decency and welfare of migrant workers. This has required strengthening the governance process, creating cohesive legislation and policies and ensuring their proper implementation.
Despite the legislation and policies and an increase in migrant workers opting to go abroad via regular channels, there are still gaps in the implementation of such legislation and policies. These gaps have hampered the rights and safety of migrants. The cases of labour migrants suffering from abuses, exploitation and financial distress are frequent and impinge on their rights and well-being.

Emphasis on strategies for safe and better remunerative labour migration4 oriented around labour and human rights and a much deeper and more comprehensive understanding of the foreign employment phenomenon in all of its dimensions, such that it may be harnessed for national development are needed in the current context.

Thus, the aim of this report is to document the current data, trends, issues and challenges relating to foreign employment and inform various country-level initiatives in both sending and receiving countries, including policy decisions and the improvement of migration management mechanisms and governance institutions to promote safe and dignified migration.

#ILO #Migration #ForeignEmployment
Publisher:
Government of Nepal ,   (2016 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
LABOUR CONTRACTS, MIGRATION POLICY, INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, BRAIN DRAIN, EMPLOYMENT SECURITY, FREE CHOICE OF EMPLOYMENT, INTERNATIONAL LABOUR STANDARDS, RIGHT TO WORK, WORKERS' RIGHTS, WORKING CONDITIONS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC POLICY, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, LABOUR LAW, LABOUR MARKET
Thematic Group:
 Others : Non UN Publisher or Authors
Thesaurus:
12.00.0A  -  Employment
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
91  times viewed
3  times downloaded.
Feeder: SPRSTHPT@GMAIL COM , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Labour Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal: 2015/2016 - 2016/2017
South Asia Labour Migration Governance Project
Labour Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal 2013/2014
35th Anniversary ILO-Nepal Partnership
Women migrant workers still working under unclear, unfair contracts, study finds,despite availability of best-practice templates
SDGs in Nepal Goal 8: Info-graphics
International Labour Migration : A rights-based approach (March 27, 2010)
Country leaflet-Background and overview of ILO activities in Nepal.
Regional Tripartite Workshop on Social Dimensions of Economic Reforms in Asia
Thematic Working group 3 on Low skilled Labour Migration Technical Workshop on Review of Bilateral Agreements on Low Skilled Labour Migaration
Labour market trends analysis and labour migration from South Asia to Gulf Cooperation Council countries, India and Malaysia
The Linkage Between Women's Emloyment, Family Welfare And Child Labour in Nepal
International Youth Day
Decent Work Country Programme, Nepal (2013-2017)
Migration of Health Workers from Nepal
Travel Smart – Work Smart A guide for Nepali migrant workers in the United Arab Emirates
Issue Paper: Fair Recruitment in International Labour Migration Between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
Way Out of Informality: Facilitating Formalization of Informal Economy in Nepal (WOI)
Decent Civil Works in Nepal: From Research to Action Planning (Series 8)
Foreign Labor Migration and Trafficking in Persons in Nepal: A Situational Analysis
The ILO in Nepal
Migration of Working Children in Nepal
Decent Work Country Programme, Nepal (2013-2017)
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
Realizing A Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia And Arab States - Summary Report Of The Interregional Experts Meeting (3-4 December 2014)
Decent Work Country Programme For Nepal 2008 – 2012
Evaluation Summary: Mid-Term Evaluation of Promoting the Effective Govvernance of Labour Migration from South Asia
Analysis of Labour Market and Migration Trends in Nepal
Labour Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal: 2014/2015
Migration and Child Labour Exploring Child Migrant Vulnerabilities and Those of Children Left-Behind
Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour flows between Asia and Arab States : Background Paper For discussion at ILO interregional experts’ meeting ( 3- 4 December 2014 )
Analysis of Labour Market and Migration Trends in Nepal
Human Rights Situation Of Nepalese Migrant Workers - Observation and Monitoring Report
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants on his Mission to Nepal
Safer Migration Prgramme
UNDP Nepal Youth Strategy 2018-2022
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
Terms Of Reference (ToR) Call For EOI: Develop Job Portal And Labour Market Database System
Labour Market Transitions of Young Women and Men in Nepal ( May 2014)
An Overview Paper on Overseas Employment in Nepal
No Easy Exit: Migration Bans Affecting Women From Nepal
Promoting Effective Governance of Labour Migration from South Asia: The ILO South Asia Labour Migration Governance Project (2013–2016)
Migrant Smuggling In Asia: An Annotated Bibliography Volume 2 (2014)
Note on Migration and Remittances (24.07.2015)
IOM Opens Office in Kathmandu, Nepal
Report on the Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008
International Labour Organization
Valuing The Contributions Of Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Promoting Informed Policy Dialogue on Migration, Remittance and Development In Nepal
Managing Migration for the Benefit of all:The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Mission in Nepal INFO-SHEET
THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL -- Rural Training for Employment and Income Generation: Applying the Truga _Methodology - Project findings and recommendations
Occupational Safety and Health Development in Nepal (SHIELD)
Financial Literacy Training - IOM
ILO Publications 2013
Celebration Of 50 Years Of The International Labour Organization’s Development Cooperation In Nepal
Brief on Work in Freedom Programme in Nepal
Report on the Nepal Labour Force Survey - 1998/99
Employment- Led Growth in Nepal
National Labour and Employment Conference 2069 : " Promoting conducive labour relations for decent work and job rich economic growth 9-11 July 2012
Nepal Labour Market Update
ILO Publications Autumn 2012
PROMOTING INFORMED POLICY DIALOGUE ON MIGRATION, REMITTANCE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NEPAL
The International Organization For Migration Mission In Nepal: FEBRUARY 2016 INFO-SHEET
Labour Migrant Returning from Qatar
Country Paper Nepal (October 2001)
International Conference on the Rights of Migrant Workers
Why do people migrate? An overview of labour migration issues in Achham and Bajura - Issue 56
Jobs and Skills for Youth : Review of Policies for Youth Employment of Nepal
Newsletter Bi-annual, Issue 1- Nepal Decent Work:(May 2014)
Nepal Labour Market Update ILO Country Office January 2017
Nepal Country Objectives (1996-1999)
Bureau of Employers Activities in Nepal (ACT/EMP)
Economic Security of Women Migrant Workers; A Pilot Reintegration Programme: Making Remittance Work for Women
Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems in Nepal Project Completion Report
Education, Training And Skills: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Reducing Distress Migration Through Decent Rural Employment
The Role of Training Programs for Youth Employment in Nepal: Impact Evaluation Report on the Employment Fund
Nepal Bonded Labour Among Child Workers of the Kamaiya System: A Rapid Assessment
Employment Sector: The Dynamics Of Employment, The labour Market And The Economy In Nepal
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 5 Nepal Bonded Labour Among Child Workers of the Kamaiya System: A Rapid Assessment
Good Practices on The Role of Trade Unions in Protecting And Promoting The Rights of Migrant Workers in Asia
Labour Market Information and Employment Services (LIfE) Project
Labour Inspection: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Job offer Short film Net 4 Good [Youtube]
GENPROM Working Paper No. 12 : Series on Gender in the Life Cycle : The Linkages Between Women's Employment, Family Welfare And Child Labour In Nepal
Savings and Credit Associations and Remittances: The case of Far West Nepalese Labour Migrants in Delhi, India
The ILO in Nepal
Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008
Making Fair Recruitment a Reality
Labour Market Information and Employment Services (LIfE) (Project fact sheet)
Executive Summary - From conflict to cooperation: Labour market reforms that can work in Nepal
Sectoral Activities Programme - Working Paper 187: Informal Labour In The Construction Industry In Nepal
Employment and Development in Nepal
The Indian Labour Market: A Gender Perspective
Bureau Of Workers Activities (ACTRAV) In Nepal
Nepal Ratifies ILO Forced Labour Convention
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Collective Bargaining: A Policy Guide
Social Protection: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
FAIR RECRUITMENT INITIATIVE - Fostering fair recruitment practices, preventing human trafficking and reducing the costs of labour migration
100 result(s) found.