United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
ROAD AND MARKET ACCESS,AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN NEPAL
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Multiple pathways link transportation and market access to food security. These include agricultural performance, food availability, prices and incomes. This report uses data from the 2011 Nepal Living Standards Measurement Survey to identify connections between improvements in road and market access and nutrition and livelihood outcomes. We estimate a series of multilevel regressions and dose-response functions to measure the effects of road and market access on indicators associated with food security and rural activity. These indicators include household calorie consumption, food budget shares, staple reliance, agricultural commercialization and child linear growth. Evidence shows that isolation strongly undermines household food security. Road and market access are correlated with a wide range of indicators related to food security, household livelihoods and child nutrition. Poverty prevalence falls by 0.50% for each one-hour reduction in travel time to a well-paved road, and by 1% for each one-hour reduction in travel time to a market center. Furthermore, each one-hour reduction in the travel time required to reach a market center is associated with a 0.2% increase in the non-staple food expenditure share. Stunting prevalence increases by 1.4% with each additional hour of travel time to a market center, and each additional hour needed to access a well-paved road is associated with a 0.02 point reduction in linear growth (height-for-age z score) in children under age 5. Overall results suggest a potential 0.33-point improvement in linear growth resulting from paved road access for children in the most remote locations, and the potential for improvements in access to roads and markets to move approximately 10% of stunted children and 48% of severely stunted children above their respective linear growth thresholds.

#foodsecurity #roadandmarketaccess #wfp
Publisher:
WFP ,   (2017 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
FOOD, FOOD PLANNING, FOOD POLICY, FOOD REQUIREMENTS,FOOD RESERVES,FOOD RESOURCES,FOOD SHORTAGE,FOOD SUPPLY,HUMAN SECURITY,RIGHT TO FOOD,GOODS TRANSPORT,MOTOR VEHICLES,PIGGYBACK TRANSPORT,ROAD MAPS,ROAD NETWORKS,ROAD TRAFFIC,ROAD TRANSPORT FACILITATION,ROADS
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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