United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific Region: Challenges and Lessons from UNDP Projects
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Energy strategies to support the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – especially, the goal to halve extreme poverty in the developing world by 2015 –need to address both “human poverty” (deprivation of basic social needs) and “income poverty” (lack of employment and economic opportunities). They need to overcome three critical barriers that inhibit the provision of modern energy services to the poor: physical access to modern energy services; affordabilityof such services; and the absence of choice to match the most cost-effective and environmentally sustainable resource/technology solutions to specific energy needs. Shifting towards such strategies is a daunting challenge given that two billion people in the world today have no electricity and the same number of people rely on traditional biomass fuels.
UNDP has focused on “energy for sustainable development” since 1996 through a series of initiatives. The Asia-Pacific region has featured prominently in
UNDP’s energy efforts, in terms of both resources committed and number of projects implemented. Case studies of seven UNDP projects on energy for sustainable
development in the Asia-Pacific region offer valuable lessons for the future. The most important are:
(a) participation is the key to successful delivery of modern energy services in rural areas;
(b) technology options must remain open and be development-needs driven; and
(c) policies to promote energy services for productive applications can maximize development effectiveness.
The case studies also suggest that country diversities will offer different entry points for energy in the context of poverty reduction and, therefore, a “one size fits all” approach should be avoided.
#EnergyForSustainableDevelopment # ModernEnergyServices

Publisher:
UNDP ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, RURAL ENERGY , FUEL WOOD, ENERGY CONSERVATION, RURAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT, ENERGY RESOURCES
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
03.03.00  -  Environment
Reference Link:
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