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Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance (Final Report)Primary Education Second Cycle: - April-June1995
Abstract:
The timely and proper education of all children, both boys and girls, particularly those under ten years of age, is unarguably the basis for the future of any country, no less Nepal. This final report of Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance on primary education in Nepal attempts to mirror the reality in communities and to indicate where attention should focus for improvements. This second cycle of the NMIS used the framework established for the first cycle, and again used the cross-design of methods characteristic of Sentinel Community Surveillance, allowing quantitative data to be combined with co-terminous qualitative data from representative sites throughout Nepal. Data collection took place from the 144 representative communities selected for the first cycle of the NMIS.Community-based data from this cycle of the NMIS can be compared with the target figures for the education sector in Nepal in the National Plan of Action. Literacy rates are lower than those aimed at for 1996, especially among women. This is despite efforts to run adult literacy classes. School enrolment rates are also below the target levels for 1996, with a large gender gap such that girls are notably disadvantaged. Key problems highlighted by this cycle are the gender gap of about 20% between boys and girls in school enrolment, the difficulties for poor parents in finding the money for the various school charges, the differing perceptions of parents and teachers for the reasons behind poor school attendance, and the relatively low level of training in teaching skills among the teachers. Pointers towards possible solutions are the positive effect of women teachers on class attendance and repetition rates and the positive, if modest, effects of the BPEP. The level of expenditure reported by parents on educational materials indicates the likely costs of possible government programmes to help parents who cannot afford education costs. In regional workshops, educational officers highlighted the need to improve the status of primary school teachers. Training of teachers could include consideration of what elements of style and teaching methods lead to the positive effects of women teachers. Local actions could include fostering constructive dialogue between parents and teachers about ways to increase school attendance. It was suggested by education officers that school management committees had an important role to play in this process.
Publisher: UNICEF, HMG NEPAL, THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION SECRETARIAT Type / Script:
Progress Report  in  English
Keywords:
PRIMARY EDUCATION, EDUCATIONAL INDICATORS, LITERACY, SCHOOL ENROLMENT, SCHOOL FACILITIES, MOTHER TONGUE, SCHOOL CLASS ATTENDANCE, SCHOOL REPETITION, DROPOUTS, TEXTBOOKS, SCHOOL MEAL, COST OF PRIMARY EDUCATION, TEACHING METHOD, TEACHERS, GENDER GAP, ADULT EDUCATION, RURAL EDUCATION, FREE EDUCATION, TRAINING TEACHERS, QUALIFICATION, PROGRESS IN SCHOOL, SCHOOL EXPENDITURES, NON-FORMAL EDUCATION, HOME STUDIES, TEACHING SKILLS.
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (1996)
Thesaurus:
11.01.00 - Educational Policy And Planning
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Feeder: YASHOHANGMARAI, Editor: , Auditor:
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Diarrhoea, Water And Sanitation (Final Report) Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance Third Cycle: February - April 1996
Abstract:
Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance - Diarrhoea, Water and Sanitation, 1996 is the Third Cycle Surveillance Report. The first and second cycles are on Health and Nutrition, and Primary Education respectively. This report provides the status and makes recommendations on diarrhoea, water and sanitation situation of the country - which is the major killer children in Nepal. Since His Majesty's Government has shown its commitment for the development of child by being one of the ratifying member of United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child and also by adopting the National Programme of Action for the Children and Development for the 1990s, the NMIS findings of this cycle serves as an indicator to monitor the efforts of child development in Nepal. In addition, we believe that planners, service providers and communicators at local, national and related agencies will also find this report quite helpful to use in their respective areas. Childhood diarrhoea is a major cause of illness and death in Nepal. It is very strongly related to the adequacy of supply of clean water, hygiene practices and sanitation provision. The Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance scheme, which began in 19941,2, provides a framework to study the incidence and severity of diarrhoea in children and the risk factors associated, particularly water supply and sanitation arrangements. This can guide interventions with water and sanitation at household, community, district and national level, permitting bench-marking of impact through changing diarrhoea rates. There are several types of action, some involving high investment hardware, others requiring changes of hygiene practice at household level. Not all of these have the same impact, nor do they all work at the same time. This cycle provides the strategic information for planning water, sanitation and hygiene interventions. Nepal’s National Plan of Action (NPA) for Children and Development for the 1990's3 sets goals related to childhood diarrhoea mortality, knowledge and use of oral rehydration therapy (ORT), water supply and latrine coverage. The indicators from this cycle of the NMIS can be compared with the goals in the NPA.
Publisher: UNICEF, HMG NEPAL, THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION SECRETARIAT Type / Script:
Progress Report  in  English
Keywords:
DIARRHOEA, SANITATION, WATER-RELATED DISEASES, WATER SUPPLY, WATER QUALITY, DISEASES, SAFE WATER, WATER SOURCE, DRINKING WATER, ORAL REHYDRATION, CHILD HEALTH, MALNUTRITION, MEDICAL CARE, LATRINE CONSTRUCTION.
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (1997)
Thesaurus:
10.03.02 - Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
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Feeder: YASHOHANGMARAI, Editor: , Auditor:
...
Diarrhoea, Water And Sanitation (Final Report) Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance Third Cycle: February - April 1996
Abstract:
Childhood diarrhoea is a major cause of illness and death in Nepal. It is very strongly related to the adequacy of supply of clean water, hygiene practices and sanitation provision. The Nepal Multiple Indicator Surveillance scheme, which began in 1994,1,2, provides a framework to study the incidence and severity of diarrhoea in children and the risk factors associated, particularly water supply and sanitation arrangements. This can guide interventions with water and sanitation at household, community, district and national level, permitting bench-marking of impact through changing diarrhoea rates. There are several types of action, some involving high investment hardware, others requiring changes of hygiene practice at household level. Not all of these have the same impact, nor do they all work at the same time. This cycle provides the strategic information for planning water, sanitation and hygiene interventions. Nepal’s National Plan of Action (NPA) for Children and Development for the 1990's3 sets goals related to childhood diarrhoea mortality, knowledge and use of oral rehydration therapy (ORT), water supply and latrine coverage. The indicators from this cycle of the NMIS can be compared with the goals in the NPA. The goals are shown in Table 2. The comparison is summarised in Figure 1.
Publisher: UNICEF, HMG NEPAL, THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION SECRETARIAT Type / Script:
Progress Report  in  English
Keywords:
DIARRHOEAL DISEASES, WATER, SANITATION, WATER-RELATED DISEASES, WATER SUPPLY, WATER QUALITY, DISEASES, WATER RESOURCES, DRINKING WATER, ORAL REHYDRATION, CHILD HEALTH, MALNUTRITION, MEDICAL TREATMENT, LATRINES, SEWERAGE
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (1997)
Thesaurus:
10.03.02 - Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
PDF | File Size: 2.99 MB   Download
Feeder: YASHOHANGMARAI, Editor: , Auditor:
...