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UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series - Assessment of Nepal's Fiscal Envelope
Abstract:
This study analyses the fiscal envelope in Nepal with an emphasis on identifying possible areas to free fiscal space to fund increased allocation to key social investment. It hopes to contribute to the on-going debates about future policy directions and further initiate a broader and inclusive dialogue that will ultimately arrive at the optimal policy mix that maximizes the society’s social welfare. Nepal’s transitioning population pattern produces a favorable demographic situation in which working age population has expanded in proportion to the general population. Nepal has not been able to adequately translate this demographic window of opportunity into higher economic growth rates. This in particular highlight the necessity of timely and relevant public investments in key social sectors to ultimately improves productivity and generate employment for the working-age population bulge. While the government of Nepal has significantly stepped up its planned spending for fiscal year 2014/15, the projected public spending is uneven across the different sectors and even per capita spending on education is budgeted to decrease in real term. The tax system in Nepal is characterized by high share of indirect taxes on goods and services. Further, these taxes have been increasing at a higher rate than the direct tax items, indicating a possible welfare loss and increased regrisivity of the tax system in Nepal. Nepal has been able to almost half its public debt /GDP ratio over the past decade and currently stands at a low level in comparison with regional comparators. Foreign exchange reserves are very high in Nepal and have continued to build up benefiting from sustained growth in remittance inflows. #FreeFiscalSpace
Publisher: UNICEF Type / Script:
Publication  in  English
Keywords:
POPULATION, POPULATION DYNAMICS, DEMOGRAPHY, SOCIAL SERVICES, SOCIAL WELFARE, SOCIAL SERVICES, CHARITIES, COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION, LEGAL AID, SOCIAL POLICY, SOCIAL PROBLEMS, SOCIAL WELFARE, SOCIAL WORK, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC POLICY, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (2014)
Thesaurus:
14.05.04 - Welfare And Social Services
PDF | File Size: 394 KB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: SANJIYA SHRESTHA, Auditor:
...
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series - Assessment of Nepal's Fiscal Envelope
Abstract:
This study analyses the fiscal envelope in Nepal with an emphasis on identifying possible areas to free fiscal space to fund increased allocation to key social investment. It hopes to contribute to the on-going debates about future policy directions and further initiate a broader and inclusive dialogue that will ultimately arrive at the optimal policy mix that maximizes the society’s social welfare.Nepal’s transitioning population pattern produces a favorable demographic situation in which working age population has expanded in proportion to the general population. Nepal has not been able to adequately translate this demographic window of opportunity into higher economic growth rates. This in particular highlight the necessity of timely and relevant public investments in key social sectors to ultimately improves productivity and generate employment for the working-age population bulge. While the government of Nepal has significantly stepped up its planned spending for fiscal year 2014/15, the projected public spending is uneven across the different sectors and even per capita spending on education is budgeted to decrease in real term. The tax system in Nepal is characterized by high share of indirect taxes on goods and services. Further, these taxes have been increasing at a higher rate than the direct tax items, indicating a possible welfare loss and increased regrisivity of the tax system in Nepal. Nepal has been able to almost half its public debt /GDP ratio over the past decade and currently stands at a low level in comparison with regional comparators. Foreign exchange reserves are very high in Nepal and have continued to build up benefiting from sustained growth in remittance inflows.
Publisher: UNICEF Type / Script:
Publication  in  English
Keywords:
POPULATION, POPULATION DYNAMICS, DEMOGRAPHY, SOCIAL SERVICES, WELFARE AND SOCIAL SERVICES, CHARITIES, COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION, LEGAL AID, SOCIAL POLICY, SOCIAL PROBLEMS, SOCIAL WELFARE, SOCIAL WORK, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC POLICY, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (2014)
Thesaurus:
14.05.04 - Welfare And Social Services
PDF | File Size: 394 KB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: ANITAKARKI2052@GMAIL COM, Auditor:
...
UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series - Assessment of Nepal's Fiscal Envelope
Abstract:
This study analyses the fiscal envelope in Nepal with an emphasis on identifying possible areas to free fiscal space to fund increased allocation to key social investment. It hopes to contribute to the on-going debates about future policy directions and further initiate a broader and inclusive dialogue that will ultimately arrive at the optimal policy mix that maximizes the society’s social welfare. Nepal’s transitioning population pattern produces a favorable demographic situation in which working age population has expanded in proportion to the general population. Nepal has not been able to adequately translate this demographic window of opportunity into higher economic growth rates. This in particular highlight the necessity of timely and relevant public investments in key social sectors to ultimately improves productivity and generate employment for the working-age population bulge. While the government of Nepal has significantly stepped up its planned spending for fiscal year 2014/15, the projected public spending is uneven across the different sectors and even per capita spending on education is budgeted to decrease in real term. The tax system in Nepal is characterized by high share of indirect taxes on goods and services. Further, these taxes have been increasing at a higher rate than the direct tax items, indicating a possible welfare loss and increased regrisivity of the tax system in Nepal. Nepal has been able to almost half its public debt /GDP ratio over the past decade and currently stands at a low level in comparison with regional comparators. Foreign exchange reserves are very high in Nepal and have continued to build up benefiting from sustained growth in remittance inflows. Amjad Rabi
Publisher: UNICEF Type / Script:
Publication  in  English
Keywords:
SOCIOECONOMIC, FINANCING and FISCAL SPACE, IMPROVED TAXATION, REPRIORITIZATION OF EXPENDITURES, ACCOMMODATING MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK, FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES, INCREASED AID AND TRANSFERS, NATIONAL BUDGET, BUDGET REVENUES, NATURAL POPULATION GROWTH, PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT, MIGRATION, MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL, REPRIORITIZATION of EXPENDITURES, SOCIAL WELFARE, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, CHILD LABOUR , CHILD MIGRANTS, MATERNAL WELFARE, RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN
Thematic Group:
UNICEF, (2014)
Thesaurus:
14.05.04 - Welfare And Social Services
PDF | File Size: 394 KB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: , Auditor:
...