United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
National Review of Sustainable Development Goals
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In 2015, Nepal joined other members of the United Nations in adopting the global
sustainable development (SDGs) goals that follow the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) as the international development targets. This report gives the preliminary
findings of a review of the enabling environment, institutional mechanisms, systems to
generate evidences if its periodic achievements, challenges ahead, progress and
preparation for effectively implementing SDGs friendly intervention in Nepal The
review was carried out through a consultative process.

The review began by summarising progress against and drawing key lessons from the
implementation of MDGs along with identifying unfinished agendas. Nepal achieved MDG 1 as extreme poverty and hunger halved within two and a half decades.. It was close to achieving MDG 2 of universal primary education for all by 2015 as primary school enrollment rate reached to 96.6 percent from the level of 64 percent in 1990 while 89.4 percent of pupils enrolling in Grade 1 reached grade 5 and the literacy rate of 15-24years increased to 88.6 percent from the level of 38 percent and 49.6 percent respectively in 1990. The gender parity MDG 3 was achieved at all levels of education and MDG 4 was achieved on reducing infant and under-5 mortality rates. Nepal almost achieved MDG 5 of improving maternal health as the maternal mortality ratio (MMR)dropped from 850/100,000 live births in 1990 to 258 in 2015. MDG 6 was partially
achieved as the spread of HIV/AIDS halted and began to reverse, and malaria is in the elimination phase and the capacity to detect and treat tuberculosis (TB) cases significantly improved. Nepal was partially successful in achieving MDG 7 on environmental sustainability due to the slow growth of access to energy though forest cover increased to 44.5 percent in 2015 from 37 percent in 1990. Besides tremendous progress in the communication sector with tele-penetration now more than 106 percent and 43.7 percent of the population having internet access, could not, fully achieve MDG goal 8 of building partnerships and strengthening the means of MDG implementation.

The following agendas remained unfinished at the end of 2015:
a. Reducing wide gaps between the level of poverty across all regions, social groups,
age, sex, and by disability status.
b. Reducing the dropout rate of school students, increasing quality of education
especially of the community schools
c. Increasing the grade promotion rates of girls in secondary schools and the
enrolment of women in technical and vocational education and training.
d. Addressing the wide disparities in child mortality rates across sub-regions and
social groups..
e. The reduction of the MMR across all geographic regions, social groups and
income quintiles.
f. Increasing public financing for disease prevention and control, scaling up HIV
treatment and care, sustaining the reduced incidence of malaria and tackling
multi-drug resistant TB.
g. Sustaining environmental achievements, protecting Nepal from the negative
effects of climate change and preventing biodiversity loss.
h. Receiving committed official development assistance and increasing aid
effectiveness, focusing on development results and mutual accountability, access
to international markets, trade facilitation and aid for trade.

#GoN #NPC #SDGs #MDGs #NationalReview #2015


Publisher:
NPC/GoN ,   (2017 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
BASIC NEEDS, CHARITIES, INCOME DISTRIBUTION, POVERTY MITIGATION, PUBLIC WELFARE, SOCIAL JUSTICE, SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED PERSONS, HOMELESS PERSONS,FOOD SHORTAGE, MALNUTRITION, NUTRITION EDUCATION, NUTRITION PROGRAMMES, NUTRITION POLICY, NUTRITION RESEARCH, NUTRITION STATISTICS, NUTRITIONAL DISEASES, NUTRITIONAL REHABILITATION, EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, GENDER, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, GENDER MAINSTREAMING
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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