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UNICEF PROGRAMME FOR THE REINTERGATION OF CHILDREN ASSOCIATED WITH ARMED FORCES AND ARMED GROUPS IN NEPAL
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The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Communist Party of Nepal – Maoists (CPN-M) and the Government of Nepal (GoN) saw the end of an internal armed Conflict that had played out across Nepal for over a decade. As with most armed conflicts,
children were amongst those most seriously and particularly affected. They had been killed, maimed, raped, tortured, displaced and used by both parties to the conflict. The CPN-M, in particular, had recruited and used thousands of children1 directly in hostilities, as spies, messengers, porters, recruiters and trainers of other children and for propaganda purposes.
The CPA marked the end of hostilities, gave the CPN-M a place in the interim government
and provided for the immediate disarmament of all CPN-M cadres and their containment in
‘cantonments’ across the country. A significant part of the agreement was the commitment
by the CPN-M to release all those who were minors in May 2006. UNICEF and its child
protection partners, under the aegis of a working group for children associated with armed
forces and armed groups (the CAAFAG Working Group) designed and started to implement
a programme for the reintegration of up to 11,000 children who were associated with the
CPN-M. The programme was broadly designed to comply with the Paris Principles and
Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups (the Paris Principles) and on the basis of experience in similar contexts across the globe.
#MALNOURISHED #REINTEGRATION #INTERNAL #CONFLICT
Publisher:
UNICEF ,   (2008 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
CHILDREN, CHILD SURVIVAL, CHILDREN IN ARMED CONFLICTS, FORCED PROSTITUTION, RAPID DEPLOYMENT FORCES, SPECIAL FORCES, CHILD NEEDS, CHILD WELFARE, CHILD SOLDIERS
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
01.04.00  -  Disarmament And Military Questions
Reference Link:
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