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Nepal: Disaster Management Reference Handbook
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Nepal is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world. It is affected by many different types of natural disasters each year, such as flooding, drought, landslides, wildfires, windstorms, hailstorms, thunderstorms, global lake outburst floods, avalanches and earthquakes. The country is also at high risk from climate change. According to the National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management, from 1971-2006, epidemics, landslides, floods and fires were the principle hazards in the country. Nepal is disaster prone because of several factors, including: its terrain, excessive rainfall, climatic changes, environmental degradation, and epidemics. This, combined with climatic hazards and the growth of the population, especially in urban areas, makes the country especially vulnerable to disasters. Nepal ranked 23rd in the world in terms of total natural-hazard related deaths (DP Net 2009) and a study by the World Bank called Nepal one of the global “hot spots” for natural disasters. According to the Disaster Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Study Report by the UNDP, Nepal ranks 11th in the world in terms of vulnerability to earthquakes and 30th in terms of water-induced hazards such as flood and landslides. The Global earthquake Initiatives have named Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, as one of the most vulnerable cities in the world to earthquakes.
#Disaster #DisasterVulnerability #DisasterReduction #Handbook
Publisher:
WHO ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
EARTHQUAKES, NATURAL DISASTERS, NATURAL PHENOMENA, EARTHQUAKE ZONES, DISASTER MANAGEMENT, DISASTER RELIEF, EMERGENCY RELIEF, GEOGRAPHY, MILITARY ASPECTS, TRANSPORTATION, DISASTER PRONE AREAS, NATURAL DISASTERS, FLOODS, DROUGHT, CLIMATE CHANGE, DISASTER REDUCTION, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, DEFORESTATION, AGRICULTURE, MALNUTRITION, UNEMPLOYMENT, ILLITERACY, PUBLIC HEALTH, DEVELOPMENT, URBANIZATION, REFUGEES, LIFE EXPECTANCY, HEALTH, HIV/AIDS, HIV INFECTION, NUTRITION, FOOD, WATER
Thematic Group:
 WHO : World Health Organization
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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Feeder: ALISHATHAPALIYA , Editor: SANJIYA SHRESTHA , Auditor:

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