United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
The Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal: A Tool for Settlement Workers and Sponsors
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The Bhutanese refugees are descendants of Nepalese migrants that settled in Southern Bhutan in the late 1890’s. Originally recruited by the Government of Bhutan to clear the jungles of Southern Bhutan in the late 1890’s, they were called Lhotshampas, meaning ‘People from the South’. Over time the Lhotshampas prospered in Bhutan and became high-ranking government officials and educators. According to the 1988 census they made up 45% of the population of Bhutan. In 1958 the Bhutanese government passed the Citizenship Act, which granted the Lhotshampas the right to Bhutanese citizenship. Every citizen was issued a land tax receipt. From 1958 to 1985 the Bhutanese government introduced integration programs and incentives for intermarriage between the Lhotshampas and other ethnic groups of Bhutan. However, the Buddhist Druk majority became increasingly concerned over the growing population and power of the mainly Hindu Lhotshampas.
Publisher:
IOM ,   (2008 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
REFUGEES, BHUTANESE REFUGEES, CENSUSES, POPULATION, CULTURAL HERITAGE, LANGUAGES, MIGRATION, RESETTLEMENT, BASIC NEEDS, CITIZENSHIP, RELIGION, CULTURE, HINDUISM, MARRIAGE, EARLY MARRIAGE, COMMUNICATIONS, FOOD, HOUSING, WATER, SANITATION, YOUTH,EDUCATION, VOCATIONAL TRAINING, CONSTRUCTION, EMPLOYMENT
Thematic Group:
 IOM : Internatinal Organization for Migration
Thesaurus:
13.01.00  -  Protection Of And Assistance To Refugees And Displaced Persons
Reference Link:
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