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Participatory Varietal Selection: Short Duration legume Crops For Rainfed Rabi In India and Nepal
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Rice fallows offer a significant potential for legume cultivation in South Asia. A pilot study showed how a combination of short-duration crops, early sowing, minimal tillage and seed priming was effective in enabling farmers to grow a rainfed rabi crop of legumes or cereals. Further work addressed the constraints identified in the pilot and scaled up the preliminary research outputs in Orissa, West Bengal, Jharkand, Chattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh states (India) and Dhanusa, Jhapa, Kapilvastu, Morang, Saptari and Siraha districts (Nepal). Poor farmers in marginal areas continue to grow old crop varieties that are often susceptible to pests and disease, and which are less suited to current constraints and opportunities experienced by farmers. These farmers have had little exposure to new varieties, whilst those that have been released are often not suitable
for conditions on marginal lands. One means of addressing this problem is to place the seed of novel cultivars directly in the hands of the farmers. By facilitating collaboration between plant breeders and farmers, the poorest farmers gain the opportunity to benefit from new varieties. Methods used to achieve this are known as Participatory Varietal Selection (PVS) and Client-oriented breeding. This record focuses on Participatory Varietal Selection in the Terai region of Nepal.
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2016 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FARMERS, RICE, GRAINS, CEREALS, CROP PRODUCTION, CROP VARIETIES, PLANT BREEDING, HEALTH, CROP MANAGEMENT, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, RICE RESEARCH, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.02.01  -  Crop Management
Reference Link:
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