United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Legal and Policy Concern Related To IDU Harm Reduction In SAARC Countries
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AIDS is an extraordinary diseases. As such, it requires an extraordinary response. In South Asia, the HIV epidemic is heterogeneous in nature. Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan have HIV epidemics that are primarily driven by injecting drug use. India- a country with one of the largest numbers of people living with HIV\AIDS- features an epidemic in its North Eastern region which is primarily driven by injecting drug users. The document you are holding in your hands examines whether the laws and policies currently in South Asia are adequate to meet the challenges posed by the threat of HIV/AIDS. UNODC has been a co-sponsor of the joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) since 1999. In 2005, the Programme Co-ordination Body of UNAIDS endorsed the comprehensive approach for Prevention of transmission of HIV through injection drug use in the UNAIDS policy position paper entitled "Intensifying HIV Prevention". This comprehensive approach consists of a wide variety of measures, ranging from drug dependence treatment (including drug substitution treatment), outreach providing injecting drug users with information on risk reduction and referral to services, clean needles and syringes, and condoms, voluntary counselling and testing, treatment of STIs, antiretroviral therapy, and interventions for especially-at-risk populations such as prisoners and sex workers who inject drugs. The comprehensive package of measures also usually includes treatment instead of punishment for persons convicted of minor offenses. It does so because drug dependence treatment constitutes a humane, cost effective alternative, and because incarceration usually increases the risk of HIV transmission.
Publisher:
UNODC, DFID, AUSAID ,   (2007 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS, AIDS PREVENTION, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, DRUG ADDICTS, DRUG POLICY, DRUG CONTROL LAWS, NARCOTICS LEGISLATION, HABITUAL DRUG USERS, DRUG ADDICTION, DRUG DEPENDENCE, SYRINGES, DRUG DEMAND, DRUG TREATMENT, LAW, DRUGS OF ABUSE, HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH, DRUG LEGISLATION, DRUG TREATMENT, CONDOMS, HEALTHCARE DELIVERY, DRUG TRAFFIC
Thematic Group:
 UNODC : Drugs and Crime
Thesaurus:
14.04.01  -  Narcotic Drugs
Reference Link:
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