United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Nepal Food Security Bulletin (Issue 28, August 2010)
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Highlights:
1. The food security situation in the Mid and Far Western Hill and Mountain(M&FWHM) districts remains of major concern: winter crop production of wheat and barley were severely affected by localized natural disasters during the pre-harvesting period in late March-April. Production losses of above 50 percent were reported in the following districts: Bajura, Achham, Humla, Mugu, and Kalikot (drought); Rukum (heavy snowfall) and Dailekh (hailstorm).
2. Six VDCs in upper Dolpa became highly food insecure as households depleted their food stock and could not replenish their food supply. Households in this area were particularly affected by the death of more than 200 yaks in a snow avalanche in February 2010. In addition, the Yarchagumba (medicinal herb) collection was reportedly reduced by 40 percent in the district. An improved food security situation was reported in Doti and Darchula due to a normal to moderate winter crop production, collection of herbs (Yarchagumba) and support from development aid agencies such as WFP, FAO, PAF and Practical Action. The rest of the country is in general food secure due to: normal level of winter crop production of wheat, barley and potatoes; income from sale of livestock and livestock products as well assale of cash crops including vegetables and fruits (e.g. mango, babio, banana, lichi); wage labour opportunities through government and/or non-government schemes; and income from tourism industry especially in high altitude areas of Mustang, Gorkha and Rasuwa.
3. Major summer crops of paddy and maize are in the growing stage and the production outlook is overall normal across the country except pockets in Eastern, Mid– and Far-Western Hill and Mountain regions where plantation and early growing stage of summer crops have been severely affected by late and insufficient rainfall.
4. Flood and landslide disasters have affected a significant number of population across the country. Emergency assistance for the affected population has been provided through local institutions. Impact of the floods on summer crop production is yet to be assessed.
5. The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC) reported that the 2009/10 winter crop production increased by 16 percent compared to last year. Following the poor summer crop production, the 2009/2010 national edible cereal balance is estimated to be 316,465MT deficit, which is 140 percent higher than last year and by far the largest deficit of the past decade.
6. The NEKSAP District Food Security Networks in the Mid and Far Western and he Eastern Development Regions have identified altogether 167 VDCs in 15 districts that are highly food insecure. The estimated population of food insecure decreased by only 1.7 percent in the Mid and Far Western regions compared to the previous quarter, despite the harvest (Figure 1). Seventy-five
percent of the population in Humla are facing a high level of food insecurity and 64 percent inBajura. Other districts facing a high level of food insecurity include Mugu, Kalikot, Jumla, Dolpa, Dailekh, Rukum, Achham, Doti, Bajhang, Baitadi, Okhaldhunga, Khotang, and Udayapur.
7. Humanitarian emergency/ famine Highly food insecure Severely food insecure Food secure Moderately food insecure Classification key See page 3 for more detailed classification explanation Hunger Overview.
Publisher:
WFP ,   (2010 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FOOD, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD CROP, FOOD PLANNIG, FOOD PROBLEMS, FOOD PRODUCTION, FOOD REQUIREMENT, FOOD SHORTAG, FOOD SUPPLY, DROUGHT, NATURAL DISASTERS, FLOODS, LANDSLIDES, FOOD PRICES
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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