United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
World Day Against Child Labour ( 12 June 2015 )
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Abstract:  
child labour is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, interferes with their schooling and that is harmful to physical and mental development. In Nepal before the earthquake, there were already
1.6 million children from 5-17 years engaged in child labour out of which more than 620,000 were into hazardous work or prohibited child labour. Among the total child labour population there were children who were in full time employment whereas some had combined school and work but often to the detriment of their education. Estimates2 put around 1.2 million children between the ages of 5 and 16 were out of school before the earthquake.
Today, the situation is worse and unpredictable with high child protection risks, the risk of more children ending up in child labour, including its worst forms. Hundreds of children have been orphaned and are in the hands of the elderly, disabled or adolescent
carers. Child traffickers have been swift in trapping the young boys and girls for sexual exploitation and forced labour as reported in the media. The young children who are at legal working age are also at risk of being drawn into hazardous work related to post-disaster rehabilitation, such as construction in disaster affected areas. In such a case, these children as adult workers will end up being poorly paid, exploited or become unemployed bringing their next generation also into child labour and poverty. Breaking this perpetual cycle of poverty and child labour is a big challenge for Nepal and education has a key role to play. Schools and social protection and welfare have also crumbled. As per the Department of Education, around 30,000 classrooms were destroyed and over 15,000 additional ones damaged. Some one million children in the disaster affected districts are estimated to be out of school although classes have resumed in temporary sheds.
Publisher:
GoN, ILO, UNICEF, JTUCC, GPCPCN ,   (2015)
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
CHILD LABOUR, CHILD WELFARE, CHILD MIGRANTS, EDUCATION, EARTHQUAKES, CHILD TRAFFICKERS, FORCED LABOUR, SOCIAL PROTECTION, CHILD PROTECTION, DISABILITY, POVERTY, EDUCATION FOR PEACE, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, VOCATIONAL TRAININGS, BASIC EDUCATION, EDUCATIONAL POLICY, NATURAL DISASTERS, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, BONDED LABOUR, CHILD ABUSE, DEBT BONDAGE, SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
12.06.00  -  Special Categories Of Workers
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