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Country Programme Action Plan 2008-2010 Between The Government Of Nepal And United Nation Children's Fund
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The Government of Nepal, hereinafter referred to as “the Government”, and the United Nations Children’s Fund, hereinafter referred to as “UNICEF “, being in mutual agreement to the content of the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) and to the outlined responsibilities in the implementation of the Country Programme; and
1. Furthering their mutual agreement and cooperation for the fulfilment of the Convention on the Rights of the Child;
2. Building upon the experience gained and progress made during the implementation of the
previous Programme of Cooperation;
3. Entering into a new period of cooperation from January 2008 to December 2010;
4. Declaring that these responsibilities will be fulfilled in a spirit of friendly cooperation;
Nepal has a population of over 27 million, 16 per cent of which is urban and 45 per cent under 18 years. The country’s geography ranges from the southern terai plains at less than 100 m to the northern high mountains that rise to 8,850 m. Natural disasters such as floods, landslides and earthquakes occur frequently. Because of limited communication, people once lived in relatively isolated communities, preserving their own la nguage and culture. More recently, these divisions have become less distinct. Nepal is demarcated into 75 administrative districts. Out of 177 countries, Nepal ranks 136 on the Human Development Index.
Following 10 years of conflict, which ended in 2006, the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006 marked a new phase in Nepal’s social, political, and economic development. On 23 January 2007, the United Nations Security Council established the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) with a mandate to support the peace process, including support to Constituent Assembly elections. Specific mention was made of women, children and traditionally marginalized groups. Social disparities among castes and ethnicities and the low quality of servic es are thought to be root causes of the conflict. Additionally, women face social discrimination and chronic economic insecurity. The Peace Agreement has raised hopes among these marginalized groups.
In June 2005, the Committee on the Rights of the Child in its Concluding Observations
reiterated the grave concerns about the widely prevailing discrimination against girls and
children belonging to marginalized and vulnerable groups, and noted the extremely negative
impact of the armed conflict. It is widely understood that the conflict has exacerbated the pervasiveness of both child labour and trafficking. Only 34 per cent of births of children under five years of age were registered at the time of the conflict.
In the post-conflict situation, many of these concerns remain, and protection of children is a key challenge. Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) documented 1,995 cases of Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups (CAAFAG). In 2007, the Government ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, though proper implementation of the protocol will be challenging. More civilians, especially children, have been affected by incidents involving improvised explosive devices and landmines since the ceasefire.
UNICEF ,   (2010 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
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