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WASH Cluster- Nepal Contingency Plan on Flood and Landslide Scenario (Version 3 July 2011)
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During the summer monsoon period each year, the people of Nepal face the threat of flooding and landslides. In August 2008, the Koshi River, with one of the largest river basins in Asia, breached its eastern embankment, inundating four Village Development Committees (VDCs) in the district of Sunsari. The effect of that flooding was widespread and displaced population was between 70,000 and 100,000 people. Affected population was compelled to maintain temporary shelter along the Koshi embankment for over nine months as well as into neighboring VDCs in both Sunsari and Saptari districts. Although embankment has been repaired with Indian Government support, displaced population is still suffering and have not able to maintain their permanent shelter, good livelihood nor their property (arable/farm land) have been restored. There is a belief among the humanitarian agencies and people living along the embankment of several rivers in Nepal that such type of flooding could occur any time again during the monsoon period. This is particularly seems to be valid and evident that embankment construction/maintenance have not been prioritized, proper attention and monitoring being given on a regular basis. Meanwhile, big rivers that are flowing from north to the southern plain are changing their morphology.
It also equally important to note that Terai districts (almost all 20 districts) are being more prone and vulnerable due to construction of artificial embankment by the Indian Government to control floods and natural flow of rain water to the low land. This has directly impacting majority of VDCs of 20 districts along with the Indian boarder and facing inundation. This has resulted loss of assets, destroy of agriculture products and polluting entire areas including contamination of drinking water source (hand pumps) and widespread of human excreta.
This contingency plan has been revised to guide the WASH Cluster for a more effective and timely response in a coordinated fashion to the humanitarian needs of people affected, taking into account lessons learned from the Koshi flood response in 2008, flooding and diarrhea epidemic in 2009 in the Mid and Far Western Regions.

#FLOODS #NEPALFLOODS2011
Publisher:
UNICEF, WC/ UN ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Draft in English
Keywords:
NATURAL DISASTERS, LANDSLIDES, FLOODS, SANITATION, WATER, HEYGIENE, WASTE MANAGEMANT, DRAINAGE, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES, HEALTH, NUTRITION, INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, COMMUNICATION, CAMP MANAGEMENT, CAMP COORDINATION, PROTECTION, LOGISTICS, EMERGENCY SHELTER, DISASTER RELIEF, DISASTER PREVENTION
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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