United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Landslides and Flash Floods in the Monsoon ( 23.06.2015 )
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Highlights:
1. Floods and landslides have caused at least 8,400 deaths in Nepal between 1983 and 2013 (p.7).
2. The monsoon period represents 60–80% of the annual total precipitation, and in the past has accounted for around 90% of landslide fatalities.
3. Past events have caused significant loss of life and damage to vital infrastructure such as roads, hydropower, irrigation and drinking water facilities, agricultural land, and property (p.7).
4. Flooding is, by far, the largest natural cause of building damage in Nepal on an annual basis (p.5).
5. Landslides and flash floods are mostly triggered by monsoon rains, and increase in July and August (p.3).
6. Additional landslides are expected due to the instability of the soil after the earthquake. Over 3,000 landslides were observed after the 25 April earthquake, higher than the number of landslides reported in the past five years combined (p.3).
7. A weaker than usual monsoon is correlated with higher rainfall in the region most prone to landslides (p.3).
8. Steep slopes in narrow valleys destabilized by the earthquake pose a threat of flash flooding when landslides block rivers (p.5).
9. Access to earthquake-affected communities by both land and air will significantly decrease due to impassable roads, landslides blocking mountain footpaths, and stormy weather.
10. Approximately 40% of landslide dams break within a week of formation, and 80% break within 6 months, highlighting the need to monitor landslide occurrence closely and have mitigation measures in place (p.5).

#FLOODS #NEPALFLOODS2015
Publisher:
UNOCHA, UNRCHCO, MapAction, UKaid, Acaps ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FLOODS, LANDSLIDES, NATURAL DISASTERS, AVALANCHES, EARTHQUAKES, IRRIGATION, AGRICULTURAL LAND, AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES, DEFORESTATION, HEALTH, SANITATION, HYGIENE, FOOD SECURITY, AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES, WATER, MORTALITY, EDUCATION, PROTECTION, FLOOD CONTROL, FLOOD PREVENTION, METEOROLOGY, HYDROLOGY, LAKES, DAMS, DISASTER PREVENTION
Thematic Group:
 UNOCHA : Humanitarian Coordination and Affair
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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