United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
National Policy On HIV/AIDS In The Workplace (2007)
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A study of countries that are acutely affected from HIV/AIDS shows that the supply of workers and employees has decreased, there is a turn over of workers and employees because of frequently being ill and the knowledge, technology and experiences which workers and employees have learnt and gained are eroding. On the other hand, the demand and need for essential services to be provided to people is on rise day by day.The first case of HIV was diagnosed in Nepal in 1988. According to the statistics of the Government of Nepal, National Center for AIDS and STD Control (Ashwin 2064/ October 2007), the number of people infected by HIV in Nepal has reached 10,260, out of which 1,553 have been fully infected by HIV and 446 people have died from AIDS. In terms of age group, out of the total number of people infected by HIV, 9,512 people belong to working age (15 to 49 years of age). Similarly, out of the major vulnerable groups, 2,058 belong to the group taking narcotic substance through syringe, 2,134 housewives, 702 sex workers women, 4,733 customers of sex workers and 512 children. If efforts are not taken now to stop HIV infection from further spreading to vulnerable groups, a great portion of the population could run a risk of being infected by HIV. However, unlike other fatal diseases, HIV can be prevented fully.Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a serious national and international infection, which is causing negative impacts on all sectors including social, economic, employment, legal, moral and human rights sectors. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is transmitted through unsafe sexual contact with an infected person, when infected blood and blood products are transmitted from one person to another, when needles used by an infected person are used with others and when babies are born from infected mothers or breastfed by such infected mothers. The Government of Nepal has ratified the ILO Convention against Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) (C 111), attended the Special Meeting of the United Nations on HIV/AIDS held in June 2001 and endorsed the Millennium Development Goals. The Government of Nepal, employers, workers and employees have united and expressed commitments to perform an active role in the prevention and management of HIV/AIDS in workplaces. In such a context, there is a need for a national policy designed also to implement the commitments expressed in a tripartite manner. Nepal has to formulate and implement a national policy on HIV/ AIDS in the workplace in order to prevent the Labour force from HIV infection. The Ministry of Labour and Transport Management, Government of Nepal has, therefore, formulated the National Policy relating to HIV/ AIDS in the Workplace.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2007 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS, HEALTH, GENDER EQUALITY, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, DISEASE PREVENTION, DISCRIMINATION, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, IMMUNOLOGIC DISEASES, VIRAL DISEASES, BLOOD SAFETY, COMMERICAL SEX WORKERS, PROTECTION, HEALTH CONDITIONS, AIDS PREVENTION, CANCER, TUBERCULOSIS
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
10.03.02  -  Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
Reference Link:
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