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The ILO in Nepal
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Nepal has made notable social-economic progress in the past decade, reducing absolute poverty rate from 42 per cent in 1995/96 to 23.8 per cent in 2013. The Nepali labour force grew at the rate of 2.6 percent per annul during the same period. The total labour force is 15.1 million (2013), the annual addition to the labour force is approximately 500,000. Unemployment is much higher in urban areas than in rural areas. More than 90 per -cent of the economically active population is involved in the informal economy. This means salaries below the minimum wage,no employment security,lack of access to public benefits,little protection against abuse from their employers,and bad Working conditions. Social protection for workers is one of the emerging issues in Nepal. Nepal is heavily dependent on remittances, which amount to as much as 22-25 per cent of GDP. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for more than 70 percent of the population and accounting for a little more than one-third of GDP.In the absence of domestic employment opportunities, a large number of men and women, mostly youth, are leaving Nepal in search of better job opportunities abroad. However, their expectations of a relatively highly paid job in a foreign country are rarely realized. Rather, migrant workers are often faced with predicaments such as wages lower than promised, paying huge agent fees, and working for long hours in hazardous working conditions. Women are more vulnerable than men because they are more susceptible to human trafficking and abuse. Unemployment, underemployment, child labour,social and income inequalities,and protection of worker’s rights at home and abroad, are the major challenges the country needs to address in order to realize the Decent Work Agenda in Nepal.

#Labour #Employment #HumanRights #ILO #2015
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FORCED LABOUR, EMPLOYMENT, EMPLOYMENT POLICY, EMPLOYMENT SERVICES, EMPLOYMENT SECURITY, FREE CHOICE OF EMPLOYMENT, LABOUR MARKET, LABOUR LAW, PROMOTION, RIGHT TO WORK, UNEMPLOYMENT, JOB VACANCIES, RURAL EMPLOYMENT, WOMEN EMPLOYMENT, YOUTH EMPLOYMENT, DECENT WORK, WORKER RIGHTS, ECONOMY, JOB OPPURTUNITIES, CHILD LABOUR, EQUALITY, HUMAN RIGHT, WOMEN ADVANCEMENT, SOCIAL PROTECTION, LABOUR MIGRATION, POVERTY REDUCTION
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
12.01.00  -  Employment Promotion And Planning
Reference Link:
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