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UNDAF District Profile: Jajarkot
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Jajarkot district is the most remote and least developed upper hill district of the Bheri Zone. The total area of the district is 2,230km, of which 290km is arable land. Administratively, the district is divided into 30 Village Development Committees (VDCs), 11 Ilakas and two electoral constituencies. Khalanga is the District Headquarters (DHQ), located at elevation 2,945m. Accessibility to the DHQ and the VDCs of Jajarkot district is heavily dependent on road conditions, monsoon and landslides. Khalanga is connected to Surkhet district by the Chhinchhu-Jajarkot road, a 63km section of which (Sallibazaar to
Jajarkot) is mostly rocky, with steep turns and difficult to travel on. Jajarkot’s population totalled 171,304 in 2011, 50% of which female. The district has six micro-hydro
power plants capable of producing 170KW electricity for 1,668 households, or 5% of all
households in Jajarkot. Jajarkot was one of the districts most affected by the decade-long armed conflict. The development and political space has widened since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006. In the Constituent Assembly election in 2008, CPN-M candidates won first-past-the-post runs, with 54% and 40% of valid votes in each of the two electoral constituencies. In mid-May 2013, the total number of people registered to vote in Jajarkot reached 63,217. Currently Jajarkot has one DPO, two Illaka Police Posts, three Police Posts, four Temporary Police Posts, a District Jail and an Airport Security Post. Jajarkot has a District Court, with one District Judge and one lawyer who represents government in public cases, as well as those who cannot afford representation. Most of the cases filed at Jajrkot District Court are related to divorce, rape, land and property ownership, murder and theft. Though gender- and caste-based discrimination have significantly decreased in the district, distinctions
between Brahmin/Thakuri and Dalits are still made in attitude and behaviour. While a majority (66%) of males aged five and above are literate in Jajarkot, less than half (49%) of females could read and write in 2011. Of the economically active population, a majority (84%) are involved in agriculture, though the share is higher among women than men; conversely, a larger share of economically active men (14%) than women (7%) engages in wage labour. Most migrants go to India during the agricultural off-season (June to September and November to April), though some youth find employment in countries like Malaysia or Qatar. Jajarkot has one government hospital, one Ayurvedic clinic, seven Health Posts, 25 Sub- Health Posts, one Primary Eye Care Centre, and 19 private medical clinics. The most common health problems in Jajarkot are diarrhoea, respiratory problems, intestinal worms, skin diseases and gastritis. The district is among those with a high prevalence of stunting (52%), severe underweight (7%) and global acute malnutrition (13%) among children under five years of age. Though the vast majority of the population in Jajarkot depends on agriculture for their subsistence, there are only 28,596ha of cultivable land (13% of the total area). In 11 of Jajarkot’s 30 VDCs the recurrence of acute food security crises from 2008 through 2011 was moderate, while in the remaining VDCs the recurrence was low. Jajarkot is highly ecologically vulnerable;
exposed to landslides and epidemics during monsoon period (July and August), snowfall in December and January; and occasional fire incidents. In July 2012, 160 houses of a Dalit community in Dandagaun VDC were affected by a landslide, with 38 houses completely destroyed.

UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
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 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
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