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Improved Pit Storage Method for Ginger Rhizomes in Nepal
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farmers in the Mahintada village, in the Surkhet District cultivate ginger as a major income generating cash crop to be used as food or medicine. Ginger rhizomes selected for seed purposes are stored in pits to be used in the next season. It has been observed that around 25-30% rhizomes rot in the pit itself and about 10-15% rhizomes sprout in the pit and are rendered useless for sowing due to a build-up of pathogenic inoculums. Therefore, there is a need to improve storage conditions. The pit storage method, with some improvements, constitutes an eco-friendly and less expensive method in respect of tradition and local knowledge. In the predominantly rainfed area of Surket, Ginger is raised either as a sole crop, or as an intercrop. Seed rhizomes are usually planted during March-April. Most of rural families living in remote places follow traditional methods for cultivation and storage, which are usually eco-friendly, less expensive, and utilize local resources, knowledge and labour. The improved pit storage method provides cool conditions, ensuring freshness for prolonged storage. Ideal storage conditions should have a temperature of 12-140C and a relative humidity of 65-75%. Under these conditions, Ginger seed rhizomes can be easily stored for 5-6 months without damage and deterioration in quality as it will minimize shrinkage, rhizome rot and improve germination capacity. Approximately 350 kg of Ginger rhizomes can be stored in one pit. The objective of the practice is to improve and maintain the quality of Ginger rhizomes selected for seeds through improved pit storage technology.

#PitStorageMethod #GingerRhizomes #Agriculture #CashCrops #ClimateChange
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
PIT SRORAGE METHOD, GINGER RHIZOMES, SEEDS, AGRICULTURE, CASH CROP, CLIMATE CHANGE, DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT, POST-HARVEST, MARKETING, CULTIVATION SYSTEMS, AGRICULTURAL STORAGE, LOCAL KNOWLEDGE, AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL COOPERATION
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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