United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 35, May 2012
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This issue covers the period January to March 2012, and focuses on the food security updates of the Mid and the Far Western Hill and Mountain (MFWHM) districts. January-March is an agricultural lean period in Nepal. The food security situation in the MFWHM districts has deteriorated compared to the previous quarter, which is mostly within the range of seasonal fluctuation during the lean season. Exceptions were found in pocket areas of Darchula district, where five VDCs have been classified as “highly food insecure (Phase-III)”. This is mainly attributed to a low summer crop production of maize and paddy, coupled with a limited availability of wage labour opportunities.
Figure 1. Percentage of food insecure population In the rest of the country, the food security situation is reportedly stable overall due to the bumper harvest of summer crops that took place in October-December 2011. According to the NeKSAP District Food Security Networks (DFSNs) in the 17 MFWHM districts, out of the total of 786 VDCs/ Municipalities, some 30 percent are classified as food insecure: five VDCs in Darchula are “highly food insecure (Phase-III)”; 233 VDCs (29.6 percent) in Humla, Mugu, Jumla, Dolpa, Achham, Bajura, Doti, Baitadi, Bajhang, Darchula, Dailekh, Jajarkot and Rukum are “moderately food insecure (Phase-II)”. In the highly food insecure VDCs, households are coping through consuming less preferred food, heavy borrowing of food/cash and selling of small livestock. The situation is expected to improve during the next cycle due to the upcoming winter crop harvest (May) and the starting of the Yarchagumba collection in May-June. Cereal market prices have been stable and the supply situation is reportedly normal, owing to the good summer and winter crop production. Ongoing political instability and frequent occurrence of Bandh have so far not impacted notably on food security situation. The situation will be monitored closely by the NeKSAP over the next quarter. Winter crops of wheat and barley are harvested across Nepal between April and June. According to the Ministry of Agriculture Development, the 2011/12 wheat and barley production is estimated to be 1.85 million MT and 0.035 million MT, an increase by 5.7 and 14.9 percent respectively compared to last year. It is worth noting that the wheat production has broken the last year’s national record of 1.75 million MT. The 2011/12 edible cereal balance has set a record high 886 thousand MT surplus, equivalent to 17.2 percent of the total requirement.

#FoodSecurity #FoodSupply #CashCrops #CropProduction
Publisher:
WFP, GoN ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FOOD, FOOD SUPPLY, FOOD SECURITY, GRAINS, VEGETABLES, DIET, FOOD CONSUMPTION, FOOD INSECURE, FOOD PRICES, NUTRITION, NON TIMBER FOREST, CASH CROPS, CROP PRODUCTION, MARKET
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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