United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 33, November 2011
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This issue covers the period July-September 2011 and focuses on the food security updates of the Mid and the Far Western Hill and Mountain (MFWHM) districts. July – August is an agricultural lean period in Nepal and typically a season of increased food insecurity. In addition, flooding and landslides caused by monsoon regularly block transportation routes and result in localised crop losses. Despite being the lean season, the overall food security situation remained stable compared to the same time last year and the previous year. This is mainly attributed to the good harvest of winter crops, incomes from remittances and the sale of Yarchagumba (medicinal herb) as well as wage employment opportunities created by the government and organizations including PAF, WFP, FINNIDA-RVWRMP, RAP and Helvetas. In addition, summer crop production of maize and paddy is reportedly good across the country. According to the District Food Security Networks (DFSNs), the MFWHM districts are reportedly in general food secure. Out of the total of 786 VDCs in the MFWHM districts, 252 VDCs (32 percent) are classified as “moderately food insecure” (Phase 2) and the rests as “food secure” (Phase 1). According to the preliminary estimates by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC), a record high production of summer crops of maize, paddy and millet is expected at 2.18 million MT, 5.07 million MT and 0.315 million MT, up by 14 percent, five percent, and four percent respectively compared to last year (2010/11). In pocket areas, however, the loss of maize and pre-harvesting stage of paddy have been reported due to natural disasters such as excessive rainfall, pest infestation, landslide, flood and hailstorm. The loss of maize production is reported in different parts of the country: 50 percent loss in the south-western Dolpa, more than 30 percent loss in parts of Darchula, Jajarkot, Salyan and the northern Okhaldhunga, 10-30 percent loss in the entire Jumla as well as most of Bajhang, Darchula, Rukum and parts of Dailekh, Bajura, Dadeldhura and Okhaldhunga. Likewise paddy production is likely to decrease by 50-70 percent in Kaski (14 VDCs) and Dailekh (12 VDCs), 30-50 percent (the entire Jumla), 20-30 percent in the eastern Mugu, and 10-30 percent in the southern Mahottari, most of Darchula and the south-western Panchthar. On the 18th September, an earthquake of 6.9 Richter scale hit 18 districts in the eastern and the central regions, which claimed seven lives, injured 64 people and destroyed more than 5,000 houses. Among others, Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Sankhuwasabha, Terhathum, Dhankuta, Bhojpur and Khotang are the districts that have had the major impact. The GoN, NRCS, UNICEF, and CARE Nepal provided immediate relief support to the affected population.

#NationalFoodSecurity #NaturalDisasters #RuralSociology
Publisher:
WFP, MOAC, GoN ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FOOD SHORTAGE, FOOD SECURITY, NATURAL DISASTERS, WINTER CROPS, YARCHAGUMBHA(MEDICINAL HERB), EMPLOYMENT OPPURTUNITIES, DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, CROP PRODUCTION, SUMMER PRODUCTION, NATURAL DISASTERS, MARKET INSTABLITY, RURAL SOCIOLOGY
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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