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Biosafety and Waste Management Blood Transfusion Services, Nepal National Guidelines 2013
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Blood Transfusion Service (BTS) Centres today use a wide variety of substances including chemicals, kits and reagents, syringes, blood, blood bags, and needles/sharps which ultimately become part of BTS waste. A number of hazards and risks are associated with inadequate waste management at BTS centres including injuries from sharps, risks of infection to donors and patients from poor waste management,risks of infection outside the BTS centre for waste handlers, scavengers, and eventually the general public. In addition, there are risks associated with hazardous chemicals and reagents and environmental hazards resulting in air, water and soil pollution, especially due to inadequate treatment and improper disposal methods. These guidelines have been framed to standardize the disposal of various categories of waste generated by BTS centres; so as to provide for the safety of staff, patients, public and the environment. The guidelines provide instructions on different categories of waste generated by the BTS; its segregation, collection and treatment in a suitable manner depending upon the category of waste and bio‐safety measures to be considered. The guidelines also address the development of a waste management system utilizing “treatment technology” to render it harmless and designating BTS personnel not only responsible, but also accountable for the correct management of waste. The technical and financial support provided by WHO and OFID has played a key role in the successful completion of this task. The consultants involved in the draft development, the National Technical Advisory Committee (NTAC), WHO blood safety staff and everyone who provided input into the endeavour are highly acknowledged.
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Publication in English
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 WHO : World Health Organization
05.10.00  -  Waste Disposal
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