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Watershed Management Case Study: Nepal Review and Assessment of Watershed Management Strategies and Approaches
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About 25 percent of the world’s population lives in the uplands of the Asia and the Pacific region. Population pressure, compounded by improper use of land and other natural resources, has led to the progressive degradation of upland areas throughout the region. This degradation is causing adverse effects in the adjoining lowlands, where another 25 percent of the world’s people reside. In view of the scarcity of land and the growing demand for goods and services for a growing population, the countries of the region are increasingly concerned about the problems of watershed degradation. For several decades, the conservation, use and sustainable management of watershed resources have been high priorities in many countries of the world. Integrated watershed management (WM) is now considered an appropriate approach to ensuring sound sustainable natural resources management, improving the economic conditions of watershed inhabitants and reducing poverty among rural people. At FAO’s Fifteenth Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific (held in March 1980 in New Delhi) there was consensus that countries should take a collective approach to WM. Over the years, several countries have developed different approaches and methodologies for integrated WM, but these experiences have had mixed results. FAO has therefore been emphasizing the need to refine integrated WM policies and programmes by introducing a more effective intersectoral, multidisciplinary and participatory approach. This need has been expressed at many international fora, including the Earth Summit in 2002 and FAO Committee on Forestry (COFO) meetings. In pursuit of this end, FAO decided to conduct an in-depth analysis of WM achievements, gaps and lessons learned in order to improve future WM programmes. This paper presents a case study from Nepal with the aim of sharing experiences of integrated WM from that country.
Publisher:
FAO, SOWCAS ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
FORESTRY, WATERSHED MANAGEMENT, WATER RESOURCES, FORESTS, FOREST MANAGEMENT, SOIL CONSERVATION, SOIL EROSION, SOIL FERTILITY, GROUNDWATER, WATER CONSERVATION, FLOOD CONTROL, HYDROLOGY, LAKES, PRECIPITATION, RAIN, RESERVOIRS, WATER, WATER MANAGEMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.05.00  -  Forestry
Reference Link:
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